Why Did Europe Go To War In 1914

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Sadeed Bari WHY DID EUROPE GO TO WAR IN 1914 CHC2D1-01 2010-09-20 World war one also known as “The Great War” and the war to end all wars started in 1914. There were four main reasons which started the war; Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism and Nationalism. One cause of tension was Militarism. This means that the belief or desire of a government or people that a country should maintain strong military capabilities and be prepared to use it to defend or promote country’s interests. An example for this is the dreadnaughts between Germany and Britain. Britain had strongest navy in the world to protect its massive overseas empire and to protect its economic interests. Britain became very suspicious when Germany began to build up its navy. They were afraid that Germany may try to take over some of its colonies. From 1906 onwards, the two countries were in an arms race over building new battleships called dreadnaughts. The dreadnaughts were the most advanced weapon of their time and Britain decided to build two ships for every one that Germany made. Russia also started building its military to promote and protect its national interest in Europe because of the conflicts in the Balkans. Austria-Hungary wanted to maintain and expand its empire in in the Balkans but it had an enemy in Russia who wanted to do the same so it began to build an alliance with Germany and expand its army. The second cause of tension war Alliances. An alliance is an agreement between two or more countries to give each other help if it is needed. When an alliance is signed, those countries become known as Allies. The purpose of Alliance is to defend one another in case of attack from the enemy. An example for this is Belgium Neutrality in 1870s when Britain promised to protect Belgium in 1867 because Belgium is the closest country to UK with a lot of ports to
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