TDA 3.2 Schools and Organisations Criteria 1.1 Summarise entitlement and provision for early years education. There are different types of childcare options available for 0-5 year olds, these include:Sure Start - Giving every child the best possible start in life is an initiative called Sure Start which is government led. They offer a broad range of services focusing on Family Health, Early Years Care and Education and Improved Well Being Programmes to children aged 4 and under. Sure Start makes contact with parents as soon as possible in the child's life and can offer support to families who have developmental concerns or other worries about their child. They can also give them support in making referrals for other services.
George Murdock is seen to be one of the main sociologists that look into the functionalist theories. He is the one who has created the four basic functions to a family. First of which is ‘reproductive’ this means for a family to create new people i.e. having children this can also be seen as procreation. There is the sexual function which means regular sex.
UNIVERSITY OF THE SOUTHERN CARIBBEAN MARACUS ROYAL ROAD, MARACUS, ST. JOSEPH. Personal philosophy of parenting An Assignment Presented in Partial Fulfillment Of the Requirements of the course FMST 310 Parent Child Relations INSTRUCTOR: Phyllis St. Brice BY Joshua Warde 23 April 2013 Approval…………………….. Title page This assignment explores the parenting style that the researcher experienced and his personal response to his parenting style in the future and what he thinks successful parenting and child rearing includes. Introduction Parenting (or child rearing) is the process of promoting and supporting the physical, emotional, social, and intellectual development of a child from infancy to adulthood. Parenting refers to the aspects of raising a child aside from the biological relationship.
1. Definition of concepts 1.1 Child rearing: “Child-rearing styles or parenting styles "are combinations of parenting behaviors that occur over a wide range of situations, creating an enduring child-rearing climate" (Berk 279-280). There are different ideas and tips on how to successfully raise and parent a child properly.” Reference: Berk, Laura E.. Development Through the Lifespan:Fourth Edition. Boston, MA: Pearson Education, Inc., 2007. www.youtube.com www.wikipedia.org 2. Prosocial behaviour: “The term prosocial behavior describes acts that demonstrate a sense of empathy, caring, and ethics, including sharing, cooperating, helping others, generosity, praising, complying, telling the truth, defending others, supporting others with warmth and affection, nurturing and guiding, and even the altruistic act of risking one's life to warn or aid another.” Reference: Prosocial Behaviour Comparison of the Child Rearing Styles of Participant 1 and Participant 2 The following could be deduced from the parents and children’s’ biographical information in Tables 1 and Table 2 respectively: Participant 1, is a black female aged 31, married and a stay-at-home parent who has two children but per week she manages to spend about 96 hours weekly with her child(i.e the subject).
This mother-infant attachment bond shapes a child’s brain, greatly influencing a person’s self-esteem, expectations of others, and ability to attract and maintain successful adult relationships. By learning about maternal – infant bonding and mother – child attachment, you can build healthier, attuned relationships, and communicate more effectively. The emotional attachment that grew between infants and their mother’s are the first interactive relationship of a person’s life, and it is based upon non-verbal communications and preverbal memories which are firmly imprinted on young infant’s psyches. The bonding experienced decides how a person would relate to other people throughout his/her
But the study also makes it clear that to guarantee kids’ healthy development, both parents should develop an authoritative style at home, communicate, and build a good relationship with their own children, especially in an eastern country with collective society like India, where they emphasize family integrity and unity. In the same context study supporting the authoritative parental style a study was conducted in Sweden regarding adolescent achievement strategies and parental style. The study revealed that because authoritative parents encourage their young child to be independent, responsible and aware, this child when become adolescent, he will be able to choose and
The Effects of Authoritative Parenting on Children Authoritative parenting is an effective tool in raising a child that is equipped with positive traits of behavior, personality, and self-independence. These three concepts allow an individual to progress through life with well-rounded rationality, moral values, and social skills. “Of the four types of parenting styles, authoritative parenting produces the most well adjusted children. Authoritative parents are well balanced in their approach; they are warm and loving with firm limits and rules in place for their children. Punishment in these homes is rare, as authoritative parents use natural consequences so their children are able to learn and grow from their mistakes.
Parenting has long been recognized as making an important contribution to child development. A rich empirical history has documented how various parenting attitudes and practices influence child behavior and the development of either pro-social competencies or psychosocial maladjustment. Generally speaking, these studies have found that parenting practices that include the provision of positive reinforcement, open displays of warmth or affection, involvement in and active monitoring of children’s activities, and consistent but not overly harsh disciplinary strategies tend to relate to various measures of adaptive child psychosocial adjustment, including academic competence, high self-esteem, positive peer relations, and fewer child behavior problems”. Parenting practices’ objectives are to guarantee children’s wellbeing and security, preparing children for life as dynamic adults and conveying intellectual values. A premium parent-child correlation is significant for vigorous growth.
It is also seen as a tool for socialisation, and a key social institution in sustaining the value consensus for the society to run smoothly (Webb et al, 2008). According to Murdock (1949), the four main functions of the family are identified as: education, which is the socialisation of the young into society shared norms and values of learning right from wrong. Parsons (1955), agreed with Murdock, but stated that the functions of the family in the society are of two folds: the primary socialisation which is the socialisation of the children to equip them with the norms and values they need to succeed in society. He goes on to argue that if children are not successfully socialised, they will not fit the value consensus and will not be able to function in the society (Harris, 2008). Murdock (1949) added that the family exists to provide economic function and that parents have the responsibility to take care of their family financially, usually through harmonious division of labour where the man takes on the instrumental role, and provide for the family, and the woman adopts the
“Jamaican Children Have Rights Too” The future of any nation is dependent on the nurturing, education, health care, guidance and proper treatment of its children and as Whitney Houston aptly puts it in her very popular song The Greatest Love of All, “I believe that children are our future, teach them well and let them lead the way, show them all the beauty they possess inside, give them a sense of pride, to make it easier …” These words speaks about children and how we should treat them, but in our Jamaican society, who do we classify as children. According to the Concise Oxford English Dictionary a child is a “young human being below the age of full physical development”, which in Jamaica is 18 years of age and who, incidentally, is protected by the rights contained in the Convention on the Rights of the Child. The Convention on the Rights of the Child – adopted by the United Nations – basically protects the “best interests” of each child, recognizing the child as an individual with changing needs as he or she matures and therefore seeks to balance the rights of the child with the rights and duties of their parents. To simplify the rights, they are categorized into four different areas, namely: Survival Rights, Development Rights, Protection Rights and Participation Rights. Here in our beautiful island of Jamaica, children are abandoned daily.