The truce was broken by the Athenians only ten years after it was signed because the empire looked to expand. In 433 BC Athens allied with Corcyra, who was a colony of Corinth, who was an ally of Sparta. This event is the main event that started the war in 431. Athens was accused of assault and Sparta threatened with war. Under Pericles leadership, Athens refused to back down and this war started.
Now just like in the first war Sparta couldn’t do it alone; so they asked the Persians to help conquer Athens. They asked their own enemy for help. This truly was a good example of history repeating itself. Mainly because Spartans defeated the Persians on land and Athenians defeated them in the sea. This time Spartans defeated the Athenians on land and the Persians defeated the Athenians in the sea.
Carthage is taking over Sicily and Rome has recently won they’re war over the Greeks. Rome tells Sicily it should be free and then declare themselves allies of a city Sicily so when Carthage comes back and tries to exert control of them Rome defends them and sends an army. Carthage only has a small force in Sicily so Rome gets rid of them. Rome at this point learns that in order to become a world power in the Mediterranean they need a navy. Carthage sends its entire fleet to take back most of Sicily.
Tensions between the Peloponnesian League and the Delian League eventually led to the Peloponnesian war. Thucydides believed that Sparta was afraid of the growing power of Athens, which had essentially resulted in the creation of an Athenian empire. Sparta felt that Athens was meddling in their business, and Athens would not agree to avoid interference. After twenty-seven years of war, and the participation in one way or another of many of the city-states belonging to the two leagues, both Sparta and Athens were in ruins. Sparta claimed the victory, and the city-states continued their bickering and fighting.
The Spartans were really close to them on the other hand, this led to them having an open shot to Athens with little in their way. The Athenians had ships, but that didn’t stop Lysander from get into Athens and ending the war. xxii. The conflict after the war was mainly caused by the amount of power that the Spartans had. It caused Persia to help Athens for freedom and it also caused the city-states to revolt from Spartan control.
This military strength helped Sparta defeat Athens and emerge victorious from the Peloponnesian War between 431-404 BC. However, this victory was at great cost. The subsequent defeat by Thebes in 371 BC Battle of Leuctra ended Sparta’s prominent role in Ancient Greece. Despite the loss of control, Sparta managed to maintain political independence until the Roman conquest of Greece in 146 BC. This led to a long period of decline for the once powerful Sparta.
Alexander’s Empire was even more evanescent, however, because his military victories were never followed by effective planning for the inevitable transition from battlefield to administering law and order. Often, as was the case for the U.S., a state rises to primacy through events that were not fully planned by its leaders. Throughout the 19th century, Americans assumed that the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans provided an impassible barrier to any enemy attacks, permitting a foreign policy of “no entangling alliances.” Our war with Spain concerned threats on the North American continent rather than the European balance of power. American entry in the First World War, while hotly opposed by some, was seen by Woodrow Wilson as a way to “Make the World Safe for Democracy” – i.e., to preserve political principles favorable to our trade and economic interests – not to embark on a permanent role in European power politics. When Hitler’s rise to power and military conquests of Czechoslovakia and France renewed the threat of German hegemony in Europe, strong feelings – symbolized by the “America First” movement
At this point in history the Persian Empire was colossal it was the largest ancient Empire ever known and it was looking to expand its territory into Greece. Darius was the prevailing leader of the Achaemenid Persian Empire (550–330 BC) and he sent his armada to attack an inferior country which was Greece. This campaign of destruction was led by Darius’s son in law Mardonius in 490 B.C this was the second campaign distributed by Darius the Great. The fleet of 200 ships and 30 000 troops towards Athens and on the way conquers several Greek islands. Once the ship landed on the eastern bays of Greece the battle of Marathon was going to take place.
This was fought between the Greek city-state Athens and the Boeotian city’s forces. Hanson accounts the surprisingly dramatic impact of this battle both immediately and even until this present day on a variety of aspects about life, war, and thought. Athens was fighting on two fronts and wanted to eliminate the northern front, Boeotia, as to focus all their resources on the much stronger Sparta. In order to do so they were going to, attack Boeotia on two fronts at the same time, as to force the “outnumbered Boeotian army [to] to scatter between the pincers” (Hanson 176). Demosthenes, who was leading the naval front to northern Boeotia, arrived at his destination early and the Boeotians discovered the Athenian plans.
Although in the no immediate repercussion came to the Athenians and the US, later they both faced rebellions. International laws were made to protect the weak and the ones unable to defend themselves from powerful conquerors. The Athenians and the US both violated