Kholod. This article discusses the political propaganda used by the Persian Empire during their war with Alexander the Great. Most people would immediately think that the propaganda was used directly towards Alexander. However, the Persians directed their propaganda towards the Greeks. They did this because their success depended a great deal on the Greek’s position.
Everyone still hoped for peace, though none believed it was possible. Everyone wanted to avoid war, but nobody saw a way out. Pompey stood before the Senate and gave voice to what everyone thought. "If we give Caesar the consulship, it will mean the subversion of the constitution." In other words, it would mean the end of Rome, the end of the republic, the destruction of their
Japanese leaders wouldn’t accept defeat; some went to the extent to commit suicide before falling from an Allied soldier. If any civilian official were to talk openly of ending war would be faced with disgrace or sometimes execution. For the citizens that didn’t talk about ending the war, they talked of destroying the United States; “would it not be wondrous for this whole nation to be destroyed like a beautiful flower.” The Allied forces had no other choice but to use their newly invented atomic bombs to bring the Japanese to surrender. There was a message sent to Japan before the first bombing, warning them of what was to come, but not directly; “prompt and utter destruction” were to follow a refusal to surrender. Japanese General Korechika Anami wouldn’t surrender after the first bombing in Hiroshima but instead called for one last great battle from Japan.
He then ordered a fresh wave of ten thousand infantry to advance against the Greeks. This time the Greeks did not stand and wait for the Persians to come to them but in a last attempt to take as many of the enemy with them as they could they advanced into the wider part of the path, meeting the Persians and fighting with them there. The struggle was brutal and vicious and despite the odds, it lasted for hours as the Greeks inflicted as much damage upon the Persian forces as they could. It was at this point, when the fighting was at its most bitter in which Leonidas was shot down by Persian archers and also that two of Xerxes’ own brothers were killed. As the immortals now had the Greeks surrounded, they withdrew on a hill not far behind the Phokian wall and made one last stand.
FDR took a different approach with Japan, he viewed the German threat more prevalent than the Japanese. He strategy was to strangle the island into submission through an economic war. Japan was completely dependent on imports and raw materials from other countries, mainly the US to keep the production of wartime materials. In 1938, Roosevelt issued an embargo against Japan, restricting the trade of steel and oil in hopes to bring Japanese expansion to a halt. With only a six month supply of oil in reserve Japan was forced to make a quick decision that would have an enormous impact on world events.
However, all of this is nulled by the fact that America was set back at all when it appeared that America was invincible. This caused a great distrust in the American people with the military leaders on how optimistic the war could really be. All of this occurred in the late sixties, which was a time of rebellion (and utter ignorance in some sense) going against mainstream ideas. The liberation of other countries was not important to the American people, regardless of
Oct 10,2011 The Clang of War When one thinks of the US Navy, the mind conjures up images of aircraft carriers, laser-guided missiles, nuclear submarines, and imposing officers; but during the US Civil War, things were very different. It was precisely during this war that the US Navy grew in power and size immensely, because the Union needed power at sea to win the war. Naval warfare was crucial for the Union to win the US Civil War because it allowed the waging of amphibious warfare, economic control of the South, and technological leadership. Strategically positioned ships on a river gave great support to ground troops; this battle strategy was used by the Union on several instances during the Civil War. One such example was the Vicksburg
The decayed and degraded state of moral and patriotic feeling which thinks that nothing is worth war is much worse.” In other words, war brings people to a disgraceful point where they lose their values of life. The Japanese cultural beliefs contributed to many of the brutal killings that occurred in Nanking and other parts of Asia. Japan’s primitive rituals promoted dedication and honor through reinforcement (Chang 20). The Japanese Army had cultural beliefs that were instilled in them because of the consequences that were implied if disobeyed. These unethical and inhumane dispositions were all they knew and practiced.
Athens, upholding their pride, kept refusing. The Athenians were advised by Pericles, an Athenian general, to use its superior navy to raid enemy lands while avoiding battles with the Spartan infantry. With Pericles leading the Athenians, he predicted the superior resources of Athens would enable them to win the war. Unfortunately, unexpected troubles came their way, forcing Pericles' strategic idea to never be experimented. From 430-426 B.C., an epidemic disease wiped out thousands of Athenians, including Pericles, 429 B.C.
Despite war being one of the most immoral, barbaric, and most appalling of all human creations, the Greeks did the impossible, by successfully portraying war as something of beauty, patriotism, freedom and self-sacrifice. Therein lays a reason the significance of the Battle at Thermopylae. That one battle not only captured the spirit of the Greeks, more specifically the Spartans, in three days but became a turning point of the art of war. But the Battle of Thermopylae more importantly defended the very future of the modern