Describe and Evaluate Research Into Privation and Deprivation.

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Deprivation is when you have had something taken away from you. E.g. food. When we talk about attachments, deprivation is the loss of an attachment figure. When an infant has had an attachment and it has been broken. There is research done into deprivation by Bowlby. This is his Maternal deprivation hypothesis, which stated the belief that if an infant was unable to build a "warm, intimate, continuous relationship with its mother", it would then result in having difficulties building relationships with other people and also the risk of behavioural disorders. This hypothesis says that relationships that are discontinuous or where there are separations becomes unstable which causes the development of the relationship to be disrupted. It focuses on how important an relationship between a mother and child is. Also suggested that the development must occur during the critical period. If a child has experienced many separations before the age of 2 1/2, it is likely that the child will become emotionally disturbed. He felt after the age of 5 children are better able to cope with separation. Bowlby's hypothesis did not suggest that the relationship had to be with the mother. He believed s child needed to form a relationship with a primary caregiver however did not necessarily need to be the mother. The key aim for his hypothesis was to identify the importance of emotional care in healthy development. Privation is when an attachment had never been formed. The lack of emotional care can possibly result in no attachment being formed. It can also result in permanent harm to the infants social and emotional development. The study conducted by Hodges and Tizard (1989) was of ex-institutional children. He aimed to see effects of children who had suffered early privation. He also wanted to test Bowlby's Maternal deprivation (or privation) hypothesis. In this research they took
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