Bowlby begun to explore this. Bowlby (as cited in Oates, 2005) was inspired by this previous ethological work and was interested in linking such findings with human development (Oates, 2005). Bowlby’s focus was children’s attachment during the critical period and the effect it has on later development. Bowlby was influenced by work of Winnicot. Winnicot’s (1953) work on mothers and infants demonstrated the important for mothers to be emotionally ready to be a ‘good enough mother’ by having tolerance of waiting out a child’s frustration and the confidence in providing satisfaction (Oates, 2005).
Pick a theory of attachment and describe it in detail. Be sure to address the following: Why do infants become attached to caregivers? How does attachment develop? What are the roles of the infant caregiver in the attachment relationship? What are the implications for subsequent development?
Bowlby argued that the attachment behaviours in both caregivers and babies evolved ensuring the survival of the baby until maturity and reproduce. Babies produce instincts like crying and smiling which encourages the caregiver to look after it. Parents especial mothers as per to Bowlby have instincts to protect their baby from harm and nurture them ensuring their survival until maturity. Those babies and mother who don’t possess these behaviours have been less successful. A second most important concept in Bowlby’s theory was the idea of monotrophy a single attachment to one person who is most important to the baby.
If secured the child will receive ample attention and have basic needs met. However, if unsecured may result in an impaired social and emotional development (Peterson, 2004). In attempts to distinguish between the associated attachment behaviours observed in infant-caregiver interaction, Mary Ainsworth patented the strange situation test; subsequent findings resulted in three categories of infant attachment style; A: insecure avoidant, B: secure and C: insecure resistant (Ainsworth, et al. 1978). This model was later applied to adult romantic relationships and adapted to form theories of adult
Furthermore, there are influences of children’s development after conceived, for example some babies are born too early and this play a part in their later development. This is one reason why premature babies progress in measured according to the date they were due to be born rather than their actual birth date. Infections that the mother picks up, such as rubella, can create difficulties for the developing baby. Maternal anxiety and stress, as well as diet, also seem to influence development. Birth itself can be tricky for a few babies.
The paper mainly focuses on the conceptual framework of Attachment theory as well as attachment style of a client with Self-esteem issues that helps in the case formulation and treatment plan in Cognitive Behavioural Theory (CBT). Attachment style can be explained as an emotional connection of one person with another. The aim of this research study is to evaluate an association between attachment theory and cognitive behavioural approaches, explicitly pointing out similarities as well as differences between both. For the research analysis, qualitative research methodology has been selected for which distinctive previous researches, books and journal article resources has been examined as the gathered evidences are based on attachment theory and psychotherapeutic approaches. Results and conclusion of study demonstrates that cognitive behavioural therapies in particular issues can help in prevention and treatment of the attachment style clients suffering from self-esteem issues.
If the child has had to change nurseries numerous times they could feel disorientated, they could become withdrawn and they could even regress. It is important to limit such changes in a child’s life at a young age as they are so easily effected by it. Supporting children correctly within their few days and/or weeks of transition into nursery is of utmost importance. Children may become very stressed and anxious during this time and in these cases tend to cry, be withdrawn and refuse to be involved in play and activities. There are many ways to assist the child to have a smooth
if the mother smokes, drinks or abuses drugs the baby could be harmed at this time or even if the maternal anxiety & stress could influence development. Infections that the mother may pick up such as rubella can create difficulties for the developing baby. A child’s development can also be influenced by when their born and during the birth. Some babies are born prematurely and this can play a part in their later development, this is one reason premature babies progress is measured according to the date they were due to be born rather than their actual birth date. External factors Poverty, this affects children and their families in a variety of ways for example, education: lack of opportunities can affect life outcomes, children from low-income families are less likely to do well academically due to the fact of potential of reduced access to quality education and the best schools as well as limited access to a variety of books, equipment plus internet.
In this paper Bowlbys theory ofattachment and child care will be outlined along with additions from othertheorists such as Rutter and Ainsworth. From this we will see how the evolutionof the family unit since 1950s has been affected by such theories along withwelfare policy and social theorists which have influenced family life and childcare practices in the UK. Bowlby described attachment as thebond that develops between a baby and its primary caregiver. It ischaracterised by the interaction patterns which develop in order to fulfil the infants'needs and emotional development. Bowlby noted the apparent distress in childrenseparated from their mothers in unusual circumstances e.g.
First the infant bonds with its mother. It’s during this time it learns to start development of emotions. Erickson’s “Eight Stages of Development” contends that if children don’t have their basic needs for security met early in life, they can become distrustful and fearful. A baby develops a bond of security and trust during the first two years of life, called the nurturing stage. Emotional development should be the most important thing we do for the child.