Discuss the View That Non-Maternal Day Care Is a Risk Factor for the Development of Insecure Infant-Mother Attachment in Infancy.

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John Bowlby (1991) has been acclaimed for forming the attachment theory regarding maternal-infant relationships. Through his theory, Bowlby illustrated that secure attachment between a maternal figure and infant is detrimental for the development of the child. The ethological approach taken by Bowlby was based on the Freudian views that the critical developmental age for infants is between birth and three years old. Bowlby held the view that a child showing secure attachement towards a maternal figure would thrive developmentally (Flanagan, 1999). According to Bee and Boyd (2010) attachment is defined as having a sense of security and an emotional bond with another person. The attachment theory mentions two main forms of attachment, secure and insecure attachment. Main (1990) argues that secure attachment can be defined as having a sense of coherence. When exploring this definition, Main holds the view that being able to recall attachment related memories and feeling is a result of secure attachment with the maternal figure. In contrast, a child with an unsecure attachment will be less coherent and have increased anxiety levels. A related study explained by Sroufe, in 1983, suggests that securely attached children were less likely to experience behavioral problems in later life. This is a clear indication that the impact of infant-mother attachment can directly affect later development of the child. Bowlby, (1988) created the Maternal Deprivation Hypotheses to explain the effects of children having their attachment disrupted. This hypothesis suggests that having the attachment removed at an early age can negatively affect the emotional and social development of the infant. This essay will aim to examine the factors influencing infant-mother attachment whilst focusing on non maternal day care. It will be vital to look at studies carried out based

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