Bowlbys Attachment Theory

423 Words2 Pages
Bowlby’s theory Well the most influential explanation about attachment was proposed by John Bowlby ho began to develop his idea in 1940’s. Bowlby presented 2 theories the one we are going to concentrate on is the attachment theory. Rather than the location of child’s attachment being within the environment as most theories do, Bowlby argued that attachment is an evolved mechanism that ensures the child’s survival. He drew a variety of influences to support develop his theory. Bowlby argued that the attachment behaviours in both caregivers and babies evolved ensuring the survival of the baby until maturity and reproduce. Babies produce instincts like crying and smiling which encourages the caregiver to look after it. Parents especial mothers as per to Bowlby have instincts to protect their baby from harm and nurture them ensuring their survival until maturity. Those babies and mother who don’t possess these behaviours have been less successful. A second most important concept in Bowlby’s theory was the idea of monotrophy a single attachment to one person who is most important to the baby. Bowlby did not deny that babies formed a lot of attachment, but he believed for every infant, one relationship is more important than the rest on the top of the hierarchy. This has been one of his most controversial claims. As per to Schaffer and Emerson (1964) babies first attachment mostly (65%) be their mother and only 3% take their father as first attachment and 27% take both mother and father equally. He argued the first attachment between their baby and their caregiver the child with an internal working model or template for their future relationship. In this first attachment the child is said to build up a model of themselves as lovable or not, a model of the caregiver as trustworthy or not and a model of the relationship between the two. This was supported by
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