Children and young people are often vulnerable as they are yet to develop the physical and cognitive capacity to fully care for themselves; they need care and protection from the adults around them. Health and social care organisations have what is called a duty of care towards the people they look after. That means that they must do everything they can to keep the people in their care safe from harm. ‘Duty of care’ means a requirement to exercise a ‘reasonable’ degree of attention and caution to avoid negligence which would lead to harm to other people. Working with children and young people brings a significant duty of care and we need to recognise that the younger and more vulnerable the child the greater the duty of care.
In many cases, this does not happen. Throughout our country, foster children are placed in homes and institutions where they suffer from different types of abuse and neglect, and in extreme cases, sometimes even death at the hands of their supposed protectors. This is the cause of many inadequate factors within the foster care system, such as the astonishing low number of social workers we have within the system. Abuse within the foster care is not limited to physical maltreatment but also sexual, neglect, and mental abuse. Children’s Rights Project attorney Marsha Robinson Lowry said There are a lot of injuries, a lot of abuse.
Policies and procedures are put in place so that there are rules and boundaries to make sure that people know how to work in the setting and what is expected of them to prevent harm and danger to others in the work setting. The Early Years Foundation framework provides assurance to parents that the early years providers that they choose will keep their children safe. There are also legal requirements that relate to welfare. These include the Childcare Act 2006. There is also a government document called ‘Working Together to Safeguard Children’ that gives instructions on what must be done to ensure that children and young people are
In the article “The Mental Health of Children Who Witness Domestic Violence”, Meltzer et al. (2009) noted that domestic violence is not only limited to seeing the actual violent acts taking place, but it also includes witnessing the outcomes of the violence. These outcomes can include seeing their parent hurt and depressed, as well as noticing the broken objects left around the house. As well as defining domestic violence, Meltzer et al. (2009) discussed the steps that were taken to conduct a random research on families and children that had been exposed to domestic violence
1.2 Explain how duty of care contributes to the safeguarding of individuals. All workers in a childcare setting have a ‘duty of care’ to protect both children and other co-workers. Duty of care means that a person or group has a responsibility to ensure that there is reasonable standard of attention and care given to avoid neglect which may lead to or cause harm to others. It is important to excersice duty of care, especially in young children to help them to develop immune systems which can protect them from childhood illness and other diseases, which may cause them harm ot disable them later in life. Children develop the ability to see potential dangers and learn how to deal with them.
1. Why is it important to safeguard children and young people? Legislation, guidelines and policies place a duty on all those working in schools to ensure the health, safety and security of children in their care.The importance of safeguarding children and young people is also significant in enabling them to develop and reach their full potential. Failure to safeguard children and young people can have a negative impact on a child’s development and health. Children and young people need to be protected from neglect and abuse and have a safe environment in which to grow up in with parents, teachers and any other close adult being approachable and accessible if needed, should a child develop a difficulty that concerns them.
Tassoni. P (2007) says that “we need to work as part of a team to provide a quality service for children and their parents”. We also need to work with the parents and show respect towards them and encourage parent’s involvement within the setting. Tassoni says that “early years setting will have a management structure which should clarify practitioner’s responsibilities”. A responsibility practitioners have is to make sure the health of the child is paramount this could be by preventing hazards and carrying out risk assessments and safety checks.
* Outline why children and young people may need to be looked after away from their families (P1) * Looked after children There are a variety of different reasons as to why children may be looked after by people other than their own family, the reasons as to why the child (ren) may be look after may include family breakdown, bereavement, parental illness or an incapacity of some kind. They may also be looked after because of behavioural problems or the child’s own illness. A reason that a child may become looked after may be following the imposition of a care order. It’s the duty of every local authority to consider the welfare of every child, the Child Act (1989 and 2004) tries to make sure that children are supported and they are kept in a family home if it is possible. Alternatively, if a child has to live away from home for a certain reason and that he or she is looked after by a local authority, it would mean that the child is looked after.
3.1 An explanation of the benefits for babies and young children of a key worker/person system in early years settings. In the early years setting each child has to be given a key worker. This is because the EYFS statutory framework states that in the framework in the early years setting they have to stick by. The benefits of the key workers for babies and young children are when the babies and young children are more independent, you would do this by the young children and babies to being able to depend on adults for reassurance for comfort. This will make the babies and young children feel happy and feel safe and secure they get more confidantes to explore and try new things out.
Through this they will make new friends, relationships and be more confident. * Specialised care/Social care: the role of them is to ensure that the child is supported and that to assess their living or the youth if it’s causing them harm, they will be required to be rehoused or be taken under their care as they work under the child protection act. They would decide if the child needs to be in protection and what they will need to be doing to protect the child who’s being abused. The specialist or social care all work in a school and hospitals, they can be referred to people. The care system can be a really decent way of protecting children however if it’s done wrong they child may end up being left with the abuser which make the child continue to being abused until they end up being hurt or dead.