Martin Luther was a well-educated German monk who developed strong opinions against the Roman Catholic Church. Luther wanted an end to the greed which was leading the Church away from the true message of Christ. Luther attempted to allow christians to focus more God's mercy than his judgements. Martin Luther had strong foundations for a Reformation, which he never even planned on leading. Luther was confident and passionate about what he believed.
Henry VIII vs. John Calvin in the Protestant Reformation In the sixteenth century, stood the reformation of the Catholic Church in Western Europe. While the main focus was an internal renovation of the church, the outcome was much different than expected; the reformation led to a revolt against and an abandonment of principal Christian belief. The difference in the view and act of oneself was different from individual to individual during the reformation. While Calvin left for Geneva in 1536 from France because of the fear of persecution for the publically spread beliefs of his about the Church to the people, Henry VIII had manipulated the church for a way to receive a new wife in hopes for his first son. Different motivation stands for each of these people in what they did for the reformation.
The Puritans fled from England to the New World to escape persecution. The Puritans, their name meaning to “Purify” the church urged for many reforms in the Church of England. The Puritans followed John Calvin’s vision of predestination, and believed that everyone had either two destinies- salvation or damnation. Puritans are commonly known for their quest to freedom -freedom through salvation as well as freedom of their own religious practice- and their strict hardworking lifestyle. The Puritans wanted to alter practices promoted by the Anglican Church as well as decrease the power of the discriminatory and corrupt bishops.
Protestant reformation was a spiritual/ religion revelation that aimed to correct the problem of the Catholic Church/ pope. But people achieved alot from renaissance; it awakened the world from very long dark sleep. Renaissance was a time for learning and creativity. It was time from turning god to man. Middle ages had destroyed people dreams and forced them to live s meaningless pattern of life.
The Catholics may have been angry with the church but their church got reform and that’s what they wanted. The Catholic Church had no choice but to sale indulgence that was the pope’s orders and back in that time the Catholics followed the pope. The Catholic Church spent their money on unnecessary things. The church didn’t think wisely, but all of that changed because Martin Luther reformed the church and John Calvin helped. The pope lead the church and decided a person gets into heaven, but William Tyndale believes that if you believe in Jesus Christ as your Savoir then you’ll get into heaven, and I believe the same things as Tyndale, you shouldn’t have to prove yourself to the pope that you deserve to go to heaven and the pope shouldn’t get to decide.
In regards, politics go, the Puritans had some interesting views. As John Winthrop, in “a modell of Christian charity” said, the Puritans believed their moral and divine cause, i.e. creating a community of righteous Christians gave them justification to defeat violent “heathens” often times without fair treaty, negotiation, or any other semblance of normal politic. Indeed, they truly believed themselves to be a model for Christianity that the whole world would watching, as is exemplified in the “modell of a Christian charity”. Leaders of the Church were given excessive power.
#1: Analyze the differences between the Spanish settlements in the Southwest and the English Colonies in New England in the seventeenth century in terms of TWO of the following: Politics, Religion, Economic development. The Spanish and English were involved in the New World both religiously and economically. But, their approaches were quite different in many ways, such as time, place, and their actions to the native peoples that lived in the New World. The Spanish were Catholic. They wanted to gain numbers to support Catholicism and show that it is the true religion.
The people conquered by charlemegne , after being converted to christianty, were taught through the bible of codes that taught right and wrong. It was nesscary for the church to play a role in this education of the people, because only the clergy were educated. The church also guided charlemagene’s hand as a ruler, for he took on many conquests and missions so this way the Christian relgion could spread throught Europe. Indeed, his desire and passionate to spread his kingdom and government was interwined with his desire to spread the Christian relgion and have the people live according to the word of god. At that beginning of the caroligian dynasty the church was suffering from problems.
In the years 476 through 1450 Western Europe saw some drastic changes. Changes in the areas of Religion, Political Order, Economic Systems, and Social Order were the most important culture wise. Political Order changed greatly in this time period as Political Control shifted from the Roman Empire to the Roman Catholic Church. Before the fall of Rome, Western Europe was politically dominated by the declining Roman Empire. However, although the empire was in decline, it still had political dominance over Western Europe.
“[The church] should be purified of their unregenerate members…heretical clergymen…bishops and archbishops, but they were nevertheless churches and must be embraced as churches” (Morgan 31). These non-separating Puritans made it their goal to create a superlative Christian community in the New World. In doing so they hoped to serve as an example to encourage reform within the Church of England. Morgan, author of The Puritan Dilemma, describes the non-separating Puritans overall view of the Church of England to be more positive than negative. “[The church] had bought the means of salvation to many of their members and might still do so” (Morgan 31).