The Puritans fled from England to the New World to escape persecution. The Puritans, their name meaning to “Purify” the church urged for many reforms in the Church of England. The Puritans followed John Calvin’s vision of predestination, and believed that everyone had either two destinies- salvation or damnation. Puritans are commonly known for their quest to freedom -freedom through salvation as well as freedom of their own religious practice- and their strict hardworking lifestyle. The Puritans wanted to alter practices promoted by the Anglican Church as well as decrease the power of the discriminatory and corrupt bishops.
The Glorious Revolution was the dethroning of the unpopular Catholic James II and enthroning Protestant rulers William III and Mary. When the people of New England heard of this, they rose against their royal leaders and tried to get a sense of equality in their colonies. 29. The result of the rebellion in New England was upsetting in that royal governors did eventually restore semblance and order lead by the mother country. There was even more administrative control in the colonies due to Charles II's appointed English officials which hired their friends of whom knew little and did not care about American affairs.
He believed the selling indulgences was wrong, and even the pope, Pope Leo X, did not have the authority to abolish sins through payments. Luther recognized that at this time, the Church was more focused on accumulating money than saving its people and spreading the word of Christ. Luther believed that only God has the ability to take away the sins of humanity. Martin Luther published his opinions in a document titled Ninety-Five Theses. The monk's writing spread quickly around Europe, and he soon posed a serious threat to the Catholic Church.
The Spanish Inquisition Abstract The Spanish inquisition forced people of all religions to convert to Catholicism. Those refusing to convert would be tortured or killed. Some people believe the purpose was religious persecution other believe it was a way or the king and queen of Spain of keeping control over their people. The Inquisition stunted the intellectual growth in all areas of the culture and because of this Spain was left behind when it came to technological advances. The Spanish Inquisition began in 1480 and was ordered by Queen Isabella.
John Winthrop, the first governor of Massachusetts, emphasized in his sermon that they were to be “a city upon a hill”, where everyone can see them and can be represented as a model Christian community (Doc A), which would also shame England into truly reforming the Church of England. Unlike the Puritans, settlers in Chesapeake were blinded by thoughts of seeking gold, in which they did not find any (Doc F). Most of the Puritans came as families (Doc B) because they believed that society’s foundation rested not on the
In America, all the states came together to create one unified group, but each colony is dissimilar and unique. Going back to the mother country England, Puritans wanted to purify the Anglican Church because they believed not everyone should be part of the church. They sought refuge in New England to worship their own religion. Others desired a change in lifestyle. Englishmen saw the Chesapeake as a place to make profit.
The London Virginia Company, a joint stock company, financed the trip to the New World in hopes of making money off the venture. New England, on the other hand, was founded for religious purposes. The Separatists, a small group of Puritans, broke away from the Anglican Church and were being persecuted in England. Therefore, they headed to the New World in search of religious freedoms. All of the New England colonies, with the exception of Rhode Island, were settled for religious purposes.
Europeans came to the American colonies for many things. One of the main reasons for immigrating was for their freedom from religious persecution. Ironically, when they came they were not tolerant of other religions for the most part. The two main regions, New England and the Chesapeake, differed in the importance of religion, how it affected their government, and how they tolerated it. Most the New England colonies took religion very seriously.
It must be remembered that James came from Scotland which was a Presbyterian nation and therefore came with his own set of beliefs and ideas. Elizabeth I had established the Church of England, and though it was principally run along Protestant lines there were still many Catholic elements around. The Catholic churches had lots of gold decorations and ornamentations, this angered the Puritans because they believed the main function of the Church was to preach and teach the Bible. They also believed that people would be distracted by the decorations and finery. This shows that as well as there being the
The English wanted to colonize because it seemed to be somewhat of a dissident dumping ground to them. A dissident is a person who disagrees mainly on the style of government. They also had religious refugees wanting to spread their word of god to anyone who would listen. Economic opportunity played a very large