Biological Criminal Behavior, or “Deviant behavior” is any behavior that is usually different than what society portrays it as. There are a number of theories that can cause a person to exhibit such behavior. Some of those theories are a biological state, psychological state and sociological state. The different theories see this particular crime as possibly illness caused by a number of factors. Criminals in the world date back as far as the B.C.
Biological Criminal Behavior (Andrea Yates) Learning Team B Biological Criminal Behavior Adolfo In some situations, biology can cause or be the precursor for criminal behavior. Researchers and criminologists have sought to explain criminal behavior and believe that biology can explain criminality in some cases. According to Schmalleger (2012), some biological conditions that cause crime include: abnormalities of the brain, brain damage, head trauma, genetic predispositions, vitamin deficiencies, excess of hormones, hypoglycemia, fetal alcohol syndrome, a lack of neurotransmitters in the brain, and blood abnormalities. Many criminologists are weary or doubtful of biological explanations as they believe biology alone does not cause criminality and instead it is caused by the interplay among heredity, biology, and social environment (Schmalleger, 2012). In the case of Andrea Yates she was charged with the murder of her five children.
This depends on whether they are observing covertly or overtly. If they have to maintain their ‘insider’ identity, they have little choice but to become involved in some way in law breaking. The young age of street criminals creates particular problems for observers. For example, they use a lot of ‘street’ language. It will also be hard for adult researchers to find an appropriate role for covert observation because of differences in age and appearance.
The frontal lobes control motor function, problem solving, judgment, impulse control, and social behavior and when damage is inflicted upon this area, an individual is affected in the way they react and think due to the cognitive impairment. Individuals who have suffered TBI may engage in crime because of these cognitive impairments. They have lower levels of cognitive skills that interferes with their understanding of what is right and what is wrong. The lack of understanding on how criminal behavior cultivates has lead numerous researchers to study criminals who have suffered from a form of TBI in order to have their questions answered. The researchers in this literature review focused mainly on self-reported brain injury in violent offenders as a way to determine the correlation between brain injury and crime.
Genetic Criminalization Is it wrong for a person to be categorized as a criminal based on their appearance or gene type? For hundreds of years different theories have been established to try and depict criminals in and amongst our communities. From the development of phrenology and atavism, to the beginning of DNA analysis in regards to eugenics and the XYY supermale, many theories have tried to explain not only how, but also why people become criminals. Some original theories, when analyzed today, may be considered absurd by many, but these attempts to explain criminal activity would open a door that would eventually lead to many different processes used all over the world today. In the late 18th century, an anthropologist by the name of Franz Joseph Gall created a theory in which he “hypothesized that the shape of the human skull was indicative of the personality and could be used to predict criminality (Schmalleger, 2011, p. 48).” This hypothesis was put in a theory called phrenology, or also referred to as craniology.
b. When DNA testing became more advanced prisoners that have always known they were innocent and serving long prison times or ones that were on death row for crimes that did not happen but were convicted of them as well as ones who were wrongfully convicted of crimes they did not commit these people started to petition for DNA testing. 2. The size and scope of the Wrongful Conviction Problem in the United States a. DNA testing is usually only done when it comes to high end capital cases because there is more to generate from which gives greater assistance to avoid executions. When it comes to assault, robbery, and burglary cases there will be typically more error due to eyewitness identification and circumstantial evidence.
Is crime genetic? The debate on whether crime is genetic or not has been going on for a long time some think it is and others think it’s down to ‘nature’, it could be believed that crime is genetic. Raine believes that the basis of it is biological and that criminals have a brain disorder and that we may be able to identify the potential criminal before they offend by using psychometric tests although this doesn’t really seem like a very realistic idea having to test every single person, and even then do what age do you test them? And how do you know when these ‘genetic disfunctions’ occur is it at birth of later stage of life?, however Oliver James doesn’t believe the genetics of someone is what makes them a criminal and thinks that its down to ‘nurture’ the environment that a child is brought up in for example if your mother is depressed it can trigger genetic changes. Young poor and male are the things that lead to violence, not genetics this is something that is probably easier to buy than the idea of genetics, if you consider the fact that the majority of criminals are male and for the minority of female criminals the crimes are usually a lot more minor.
Rosemary has faith that she can deliver the child. Without proof, Rosemary holds to the belief that her child is alive and she can free him. By choosing to be a real mother to her child, she ultimately chooses faith in the Devil. As the all evidence continues to tell Rosemary that something is wrong, Rosemary’s desire to have a child and take care of it alters her decision to take action against the cult. So she ultimately makes the choice to ride out the horrible pain her pregnancy was giving her, not really believing the depth of the conspiracy, until the choice is actually made for her.
One example is the domestic violence between Harpo and Sofia. Harpo wanted more control in their relationship so he listened to the advice of Celie and beat Sofia but the end result did not come out as he expected. This issue between the couple was resolved when Sofia decided to move away with her children to her sister’s house. (TCP novel) Verbal violence was common for