Once the behavioral profile is done, the profiler can then compare this to other criminals or mental patients with the same basic characteristics. It is generally very difficult to get professional hands-on experience on how to be a profiler. Police have been able to catch a wide array of people using profilers, including serial killers. Once criminals have been taken into custody, profilers can learn even more about the criminal mind and can find possible motives, verify motives, and/or assess the defendant's state of mind. The police psychologist does more hands-on work with officers and victims as opposed to criminals.
There are many theories relating to deviance and crime with each theory illustrating a different aspect of the procedure by which people break rules and are classed as deviants or criminals. (New texts pg 138) which highlights the problems in defining crime or deviance. DIFFERENCES BETWEEN CRIME AND DEVIANCE Many believe crime and deviance has developed on separate tracks over the years as criminologist serve only for legality, crime and crime-related phenomena. The study of deviance however serves for a wider range of behaviours that are not necessarily illegal for example suicide, alcoholism, homosexuality, mentally disordered behaviours. (Bader et al) The main difference between crime and deviance is deviant behaviour is when a social norm has been broken whereas a crime is where a formal and social norm is broken.
There have been several sociological and criminological theories that stress that most violent criminals are impulsive and have a lack of empathy for others. Within Psychological there are several sub theories such as Behavioral Theories, Personality Theories, and Cognitive Theories just to name a few. In Volume 5, Chapter 2 of Review of the Roots of Youth Violence, it states that Sigmund Freud “thought that human behavior, including violent behavior, was the product of “unconscious” forces operating within a person’s mind. Freud also felt that early childhood experiences had a profound impact on adolescent and adult behavior” A lot of Freud’s research is what a lot of the ideas and theories we know today are based off of. Behavioral Theories Behaviorist John Watson once said "Give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed, and my own specified world to bring them up in and I'll guarantee to take any one at random and train him to become any type of specialist I might
The Theories as to why Crimes Happen There are many reasons behind an individual wanting to commit a crime. It could have something to do with, what happened in their past. They may also be in some type of financial turmoil or they want to do it just so they can get a high from it. Whatever the reason may be, we need to understand why these crimes happen. Many people believe that crimes are committed because people have mental issues, however that is not the case.
They have the ability to affect how much crime is recorded, based on how they record their activities. Some crimes are not accounted for because depending on the consequence and who is doing the offending, particularly minors, they may be under counted for because the officer is either overloaded with cases and
For example, clients who are addicted and instructed by the criminal justice department, often times present unique challenges. Challenges come by way of the client’s inability to distinguish between abstinence and sobriety. Therefore, one (clients) must be educated about the disease of addiction; thus, addiction education can be facilitated through group therapy. The following
(Siegel & Walsh, 2005). There is not sufficient evidence to determine if a punishment alone will deter future delinquency. An example of specific deterrence is when an offender has been arrested for committing a crime and now the young juvenile will not commit the act again because of the severe
If the only reason to pull someone over depends on his or her race, this causes a discriminatory impact. Police departments begun to review data on stops and change police officers behaviors, arguments and attitudes towards the leading of stereotype based discriminatory treatment. (Racial profiling, 2012) This researcher frowns much upon racial profiling but with surveys conducted every day on who is likely to commit a crime, and what age, and what sex, and what minority group then people tend to lean towards these surveys proving that race is a huge part of crime involvement. In conclusion, criminal profiling works as an investigative tool to help solve crimes. Criminal profiling has come a long way and still needs a lot of improvement.
The Consequences of the Criminal Mind Davina Fitzgerald Thomas Research Paper General Psychology Miller-Motte Technical College THE CONSEQUENCES OF THE CRIMINAL MIND 2 What are consequences? Consequences are a result of a recent occurring incident. Results of a consequence can either be good or bad, but in most cases they are not a positive result. The consequences reflect the severity of the actions, that take place and comes with different levels of penalty. For example, reckless driving could result in a car accident.
Victimology: A Study of Crime Victims 1 Victimology is an important element in the process of learning about crime victims, the needs of the victims, and even about the perpetrator of the crime. It identifies the victims, reveals their physical and mental state before and after the crime, their social interactions, and ideas as to why they were a victim. Victimology does not give the reasons why a particular person is chosen by an offender, however it will give general overview of victim selection (Petherick, “Victimology” 2010) The definitions of victimology vary in the use of words within the definition, such as victim, crime victim or behavior of crime victim. Victimology as an academic term containing two elements; the Latin word “victima” which translate into victim and the Greek word “logos” which means a system of knowledge (Dussich “Victimology ‘Past, Present and Future’”2000). In it’s simplest definition, victimology is the study of the victim or victims of a particular offender (Wallace & Roberson 2011: 3).