Self-Reported Brain Injury in Violent Offenders

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Self-Reported Brain Injury in Violent Offenders: A Review of the Correlation Between Traumatic Brain Injury and Crime There have been many debates as to what causes criminal behavior. Some individuals believe that criminal offenders are born delinquent. Others theorize that criminal behavior is learned during childhood due to a lack of parental control. Although these theories may correlate with criminal behavior, they are never the cause. To say that a specific action or event causes criminal behavior in an individual is an absurd notion. There are many variables that contribute to criminal behavior; however, a known cause is still up for debate. The events this literature review focuses on is traumatic brain injuries (TBI) and its correlation with criminal behavior. There are theories as to why TBI promotes criminal behavior and the connection always comes back to the frontal lobe of the brain. The frontal lobes control motor function, problem solving, judgment, impulse control, and social behavior and when damage is inflicted upon this area, an individual is affected in the way they react and think due to the cognitive impairment. Individuals who have suffered TBI may engage in crime because of these cognitive impairments. They have lower levels of cognitive skills that interferes with their understanding of what is right and what is wrong. The lack of understanding on how criminal behavior cultivates has lead numerous researchers to study criminals who have suffered from a form of TBI in order to have their questions answered. The researchers in this literature review focused mainly on self-reported brain injury in violent offenders as a way to determine the correlation between brain injury and crime. In these studies, individuals were given questionnaires that consisted of inquiries about past TBI, criminal behavior, substance abuse, and other

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