PSYCHOLOGICAL EXPLANATIONS: · severe trauma suffered as a child, such as emotional, physical or sexual abuse. · an important early loss, such as the loss of a parent or child. · neglection. · poor ability to relate to others. (D1) outline how a named mental disorder is diagnosed.
Trauma can be sudden or over a long term period resulting in both mental and physical reactions to it. Being traumatized can also be sight unseen. Some people to not display their emotions and it can be hard to decipher if a person has been traumatized. The response to trauma can present in both a physical or mental way or both at the same time. Children often times react to scary situations based off of how the adults in their lives react.
1.1b -Define the following types of abuse - Sexual abuse Sexual abuse is where an individual is either forced or coerced into unwanted sexual activity. Signs of sexual abuse can include some or many of the following possible indicators: Loss of sleep, unexplained or unexpected changes in behaviour, bruising, soreness around genitals, torn, stained or bloody underwear, a pre-occupation with anything sexual, STDs. Unexpected or multiple indicators should at least raise the question of whether abuse is happening. 1.1c -Define the following types of abuse Emotional/psychological abuse Emotional or psychological abuse is where an individual uses words or actions that may result in psychological trauma to another, including anxiety, chronic depression or PTSD . Signs of emotional or psychological abuse can include some or many of the following possible indicators: Fear, depression, confusion, loss of sleep, unusual or unexpected changes in behaviour.
A. Theoretical perspectives on attachment styles a. B. Associated features of sexual offending behavior a. C. Predicted sex offender behaviors in offenders a. With Anxious/Ambivalent attachment styles i.
witnessing family violence. antisocial personality disorder. harmful use of alcohol. Factors specifically associated with intimate partner violence include: past history of violence; marital discord and dissatisfaction; difficulties in communicating between partners. Factors specifically associated with sexual
Policy Issues Submitted By Jaclyn M. Peluso March 23, 2015 Submitted To Darrell Cook CJA/314 Faculty University of Phoenix Intimate partner violence (IPV), better known as domestic violence (DV), affects many children in the United States. The overall effects on children who are witnesses to physical, mental, and sexual abuse are damaging to their well-being. For example, exposure to domestic violence affects a child’s physical health, behaviors including social and emotional outbursts, brain function and, neurobiological and relational development. It is important to understand how domestic violence affects children residing in an unstable environment. This paper will discuss domestic violence and its effects on children
PTSD disorder can develop within a child during childhood trauma and abuse, or can result from traumatic situations as an adult of an individual. Background Information Major Symptoms in Discussion Clients Background Predisposition of Factors of Disorder Observations Symptoms Supporting Diagnosis of Individual
Childhood maltreatment studies have offered diverse predictors in the types of childhood maltreatment associated with BPD. Sexual abuse, inconsistent maltreatment by a female caretaker, emotional denial by a male caretaker, emotional neglect, and emotional abuse have all been found to be significant predictors of BPD (Hernandez, Arntz, Gaviria, Labad, & Gutiérrez-Zotes, 2012). Mentalization, the process in which we make sense of each other and ourselves, is undermined by genetic and early environmental factors (Fonagy, Luyten, & Strathearn, 2011). There may be several pathways that lead to developing BPD but childhood sexual abuse is the most frequently reported by 40-71% of patients with BPD. The severity of the disorder is also linked with the severity of the sexual abuse, which has led some clinicians to view BPD as a form of chronic post-traumatic stress disorder (Lieb, Zanarini, Schmahl, Linehan, & Bohus,
Discuss the controversies over syndromes such as PAS (Parental Alienation Syndrome), CSAAS (Child Sexual Abuse Accommodation Syndrome) and FMS (False Memory Syndrome). 18. What is PTSD? How are rape trauma syndrome and battered woman syndrome similar to and different from PTSD? 19.
Deviant behaviors are those behaviors that society considers to be bad, evil, sinful, criminal, insane, or even rude. Deviance is likely to produce some social efforts to punish and or control the deviant individual (sanctions). Deviance can be divided into categories along sexual lines which is to say that there are norms, social codes, standards, and moral codes for sexual behavior. Violation of the norms, social codes, standards and moral codes set up for heterosexuals are said to consist of “heterosexual deviant behaviors” or “heterosexual deviance. Several examples of heterosexual deviance include: teen sex, extramarital sex, pornography, cybersex, sexual harassment, and prostitution.