Infant and Toddler Mental Health

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Infant and Toddler Mental Health Tamara L. H EDUC- 3203-1 Infant and Toddler Mental Health 1. In your own words, define and explain the term trauma. Then, based on pages 7–9 of Hope and Healing: A Caregiver's Guide to Helping Young Children Affected by Trauma, explain how risk factors and protective factors related to children, families, and communities can influence a child's reaction to traumatic events. Trauma is when an event plays out that is both shocking and stunning. Trauma can be sudden or over a long term period resulting in both mental and physical reactions to it. Being traumatized can also be sight unseen. Some people to not display their emotions and it can be hard to decipher if a person has been traumatized. The response to trauma can present in both a physical or mental way or both at the same time. Children often times react to scary situations based off of how the adults in their lives react. In the case of "Sasha and Gramma" Rice, K. F., & Groves, B. M. (2005) Sasha's reaction was based off of her grandmother's reaction. The situation was already scary and could potentially traumatize Sasha and give her a new fear of fire. What made the situation worse was when her grandmother showed her that she was also panicky while she was screaming for help. If Sasha's grandmother had remained calm while seeking out help most likely Sasha would have been afraid but not as fearful as she was in this situation. 2. The impact of trauma is pervasive, affecting the physical development of the brain and the quality of children's relationships and attachments with others. Based on pages 10–11 of Hope and Healing and the essay "Stress, Nurture, and the Young Brain" in Concepts for Care, describe the impact of trauma on each of these areas of young children's development. Trauma affects young children's
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