Case Presentation and Treatment Plan for Little Miss Sunshine

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The first orientation that I have chosen to use with this family is Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy. It was developed as a reaction to the psychodynamic approach (Tuttle, et al., 2003). It includes aspects of both Cognitive and Behavioral theories. Cognitive Theory suggests that people are influenced by their innate beliefs about themselves and the world around them. It assumes that human problems come from operating on faulty, irrational beliefs. Some of these beliefs are conscious but many are not. Behavior Theory suggests that human actions are the results of what we have learned or been conditioned to do and that when these actions are reinforced consistently, by either reward or punishment, they become the basis of functioning in our lives. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy recognizes that thoughts and behaviors are connected and addresses both in its model. CBT is a problem-solving/task-centered approach which recognizes and challenges illogical and faulty beliefs in an effort to change negative or destructive behavior. CBT combines elements of both cognitive and behavior therapy to track and modify the thoughts and behaviors of the client in order to increase desired behaviors and thoughts and to decrease undesired behaviors and thoughts while improving problem solving skills. The major goal of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy is to alter unproductive behaviors and thought patterns in an effort to improve the perceived problem and undesired behaviors. Some of its general goals are to increase desired behaviors and thoughts, decrease undesirable behaviors and thoughts and improve problem solving skills. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy is divided into three major phases. These phases are the early phase, the middle phase and the late phase. The early phase is when baseline assessment occurs. This is when the specified number of sessions is contracted, when

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