“Evaluate the extent to which Freud’s theory of psychosexual development can help us to understand a client’s presenting issue”. Introduction In this assignment I will evaluate Freud’s psychosexual theory and demonstrate that I have an understanding of this theory, examining the stages that clients are meant to go through according to freud and how its relationship to this theory effects a client’s presenting issue. I will also show how Freud’s theory has a relationship to a client’s neurotic behaviour, and look at some of the criticisms that this theory attracted from other critics, this will help me understand how it was used in practice. Freud’s greatest contribution to psychology was his theories involving psychosexual development, he had a very sexual way at looking at what happens to our mind from birth to teenage years, but before I begin to explain these in more detail we need to look at Freud himself to understand and have an idea on what sort of man he was. Freud was born in the Czech Republic on 6th May 1856, his parents were practicing Jews and were very religious, but as Freud grew up he himself, even though being a Jew never practised.
The first orientation that I have chosen to use with this family is Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy. It was developed as a reaction to the psychodynamic approach (Tuttle, et al., 2003). It includes aspects of both Cognitive and Behavioral theories. Cognitive Theory suggests that people are influenced by their innate beliefs about themselves and the world around them. It assumes that human problems come from operating on faulty, irrational beliefs.
Word count: 2549 Essay Title “Evaluate the claim that Person-Centred Therapy offers the therapist all that he/she will need to treat clients”. Introduction A Person Centred Approach is the application of humanistic psychology, philosophy and values. It was a reaction to the practitioner led schools of thought, psychoanalysis and behaviourism. I wish to evaluate the claims that a PCA offer all that he/she needs to treat clients and in this essay I will: 1) explore person-centred theory and its origins, mainly Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow 2) discuss the advantages and disadvantages of working with a person-centred approach 3) investigate and report on any criticisms of the person-centred approach 4) Outline my reflections whilst studying and practicing a PCA 5) Summary and Conclusions Origins and Theory Introduction to ‘Schools of Thought’ used in psychology and how a person centred approach was developed Psychology, the study of the mind, has its divisions in separate schools of thoughts. These schools of thought were divided into 3 main ‘schools of thought’.
2248 words What Is Hypnosis? 1 This essay will attempt to explain what hypnosis is by discussing the technical processes used and some physical and psychological changes that occur to a subject when they are hypnotised. Some common myths and truths surrounding hypnosis will be explored as well as a brief history of hypnosis being told, including how it started and developed into a professional therapy that is used today. The potential for hypnotherapy to alleviate illness, change behaviour and work as a mind and body inclusive therapeutic treatment will be explored. Where hypnosis, as an alternative therapy stands with gaining acceptance from the medical model and it being offered as an NHS treatment will be discussed.
Abstract An ideal form of the therapeutic process for individual counseling is comprised of techniques and theories taken from the Psychodynamic Approach, Cognitive-Behavioral Approach, Person-Centered Approach and behavior modification techniques that are found in Operant Conditioning. These individual counseling techniques were chosen based on how effective and relevant to the client, they were deemed to be. Techniques taken from the psychodynamic approach is to allow the client to become conscious of all unconscious or subconscious concerns through the use of transference and working alliance. Techniques taken from the cognitive-behavioral approach is to help the client identify any irrational beliefs and thinking that is the cause of the client’s emotional disturbance. In the person centered approach, the therapy focuses on an important human characteristic - the client’s natural ability for growth and development, through the use of self actualization.
Albert speer essay Albert Speer was born on the 19th of March 1905, In Mannheim, a German Industrial city near the French border. Albert was born into an upper class family, better known as haute bourgeoisie, whereby his family was amongst the wealthiest in the city. In 1923, Albert passed his arbiter examinations and received the top grade in mathematics which essentially gave him strong reason to consider a career as a mathematician but alternatively, he was persuaded by his father to study architecture, being the third generation in his family to do so. Due to the hyperinflation crisis of 1923, Speer was forced to attend the less elite institute of technology in nearby Karlsruhe, rather than one in Munich or Berlin. Despite this, by the following spring, the hyperinflation crisis had eased and Speer was able to transfer to the institute of technology in Munich and then again on to one in Berlin.
Therapists that practice this approach to therapy focus on a patient’s behavior. This therapy applies principles of learning to help people make desired behavioral changes. (Nevid & Rathus. (2005). P.304) These therapists use learning-based techniques such as fear-reduction like flooding, gradual exposure, systematic
Alberrt Bandura Albert Bandura was born December 4, 1925, in the small town of Mundare in northern Alberta, Canada (Pajares, 2004). He was the youngest child and only boy among six children in a family of Eastern European descent (Pajares, 2004). His parents had each immigrated to Canada when they were adolescents—his father from Krakow, Poland, and his mother from the Ukraine (Pajares, 2004). Bandura's father worked laying track for the trans-Canada railroad, and his mother worked in the town's general store (Pajares, 2004). They had no formal education but placed a high value on educational attainment (Pajares, 2004).
He also joined the Communist Party, but his interest in the works of Marx and Engels was rather shallow. He would mix with more significant writers like André Malraux and André Gide. Camus suffered from tuberculosis all his life. In 1923 Camus won a scholarship to the lycée in Algiers, where he studied from 1924 to 1932. He later received a diploma in Philosophy from the University of Algiers.
He’s living at home in the beginning, but gets kicked out by his parents because of his drug addiction. Though he is only fifteen he knows a lot about drugs and dealing, and the writer makes him sound like he has been doing drugs for a long time. The environment he is born in, the environment we all are born in is not self-chosen. We don’t choose were we are born and which conditions we are born in to, but the question is, can we break out of the environment we are born in to a better environment? Or perhaps a worse environment than