Negative Reinforcement in Project Management

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BSC (HONS) INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT FOR BUSINESS UFCE9B-20-2 Project Management Module Leader: Peter Rawlings Student ID: 12030427 Academic essay: Negative reinforcement in Project management Content 1. Introduction …………………………………………………………………………………3 2. Research and analysis …………………………………………………………………..4 2.1 Negative reinforcement ………………………………………………………………………………..4 2.2 Threats in negative reinforcement ………………………………………………………………..4 2.3 Individual Motivation ……………………………………………………………………………………5 2.4 Solve the Incentive failure …………………………………………………………………………….6 2.5 Threats in project management …………………………………………………………………….7 3. Conclusion ……………………………………………………………………………………8 4. Reference ……………………………………………………………………………………..9 1. Introduction The purpose of the essay is to prove the negative reinforcement and threats are one of the major skills to project manager, and dialectical analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of the threats in the project management. Analyze the resources of research that from the library and internet to prove the essay’s argument. The analysis combines the Maslow’s hierarchy of needs to discuss the relationship between the Incentive and needs. Based on the literature to discuss how the threats can influence the individual motivation, and use some example and antitheses to prove why the threats are necessary to project management. Finally discuss how to correct use the threats. Key Words: Negative reinforcement; Threats; Motivation; Hierarchy of needs; Positive reinforcement. 2. Research and analysis Negative reinforcement is one of major skills for project managers. This part will research and analysis how the project managers’ negative reinforcement and threats can influence the project management. This part also analysis why the threats are an imperfect way to motivate performance. 2.1
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