Unfamiliar is not the same as abnormal, distinction between these two is vital to understanding psychopathology and those affected by mental illness. As abnormal psychology evolves and progresses in treatments, therapies, and research the central theme of the six core concepts continues to guide researcher. These six concepts define and provide understanding of abnormality. The concepts also illustrate the range between normal and abnormal behavior of individuals experiencing personality disorders. Another concept is studying cultural and historical relativism in defining and classifying abnormality in relation to environment.
Dr. Kohn is a psychoanalyst, Dr. Edwards is a humanistic therapist, Dr. Peterson is a cognitive behavioral therapist, and Dr. James is a Gestalt therapist. Each of them would likely have a different ____ for a client's abnormality. a.|time of onset| b.|explanation| c.|diagnosis| d.|prognosis| ANS: B REF: The Concerns of Abnormal Psychology OBJ: 1 MSC: Applied 5. A psychologist says, “Juan's abnormal behavior is likely due to a combination of biology and inadequate interpersonal skills.” The psychologist is ____. a.|predicting the future symptoms of Juan| b.|giving Juan a psychodiagnosis| c.|offering an explanation for Juan's problem| d.|describing how to control Juan's symptoms| ANS: C REF: The Concerns of Abnormal Psychology
Discuss how current counselling and psychotherapy practice emerged from psychiatry and psychology. Analyse the similarities and differences between psychotherapy and counselling practices. I will assess the origins of psychoanalysis and how this impacted on subsequent schools of thought.I will discuss the importance of Freud and how some of his theories were challenged by later psychologists resulting in differing models for therapeutic practice.I will explore how these models are applied to contemporary counselling and psychotherapy. I aim to analyse the similarities and differences between counselling and psychotherapy through critical evaluation of how these practices work within society today. By establishing differences between psychiatry and psychology,how counselling and psychotherapy emerged from these disciplines becomes clearer.Psychiatry relates to the process of healing the mind through medical intervention.Psychology has its roots within academic study and research of human and animal perception.Psychoanalysis is ‘interested in exploration of the unconscious mind in order to cure’.
Emma Culloty BIRMI2A 11 Evaluate the extent to which Freud’s theory of psychosexual development can help us to understand a Client’s presenting issue. Freud’s theory of psychosexual development is a theory that has caused a large amount of debate and can be seen as quite a contentious issue, particularly when using this theory to try and understand a client’s presenting issue. This essay will look into Freud’s psychosexual theory and will describe how it relates to adult neurotic behaviour. The essay will then look at the critiques of Carl Jung and Erich Fromm and will look at the ideas surrounding Jung’s collective consciousness and Fromm’s view based on a sociological perspective, where the person is able to decide for them and how problems can arise for a client when this does not happen. This essay will also look at the role of women and homosexuality and discuss whether Freud’s views where based on a cultural prejudice when he devised the psychosexual theory.
In our matrix we will discuss Allport’s psychology of the individual theory, and the trait and factor theory. Both theories express how personality can change personalities and, the different associations that we have over time. Allport’s theory, psychology of the individual, sees human personality different from psychoanalytical and behavioral views. Allport believed that individual’s personality and behavior were not only determined by experiences stored in the unconscious but also by conscious decisions made in the present (Feist & Feist, 2009). Allport also believed that humans are not only organisms that react to rewards and punishment instead humans can interact with the environment and vice versa (Feist & Feist, 2009).
The Psychodynamic Perspective The school of psychodynamics focuses on the interplay of the mental forces. It is said that humans have can have unconscious motives that underlie their true intentions. It is also said that the foundations of what was discovered rests on the evidence that people could be aware of their subconscious motivations while processing the things that affect their conscious thoughts that are related to their feelings, behaviors and intentions. Scientific studies show that psychodynamic perspective can reveal as to why a person’s actions are brought on by thoughts and feelings that would cause a reaction or a response in different situations. This school of study ultimately depends on the methods of the case studies that are performed to provide the necessary information that will clearly show them the evidence based on motivations.
Running head: FUNCTIONAL PSYCHOPATH The Recipe for the Functional Psychopath Cannon University Counseling 646 Abstract This paper will discuss the existence of the psychopath in its many forms. It will define the psychopath, discuss the subgroups, treatment possibilities, the historical and fictional examples over our history and the many contributions psychological professionals have made over the last century to the understanding of this disorder. This paper will also detail the differences in the brain structure of psychopaths, discuss how one would go about discovering a young psychopath in the making and spiritual implications of this disorder. Introduction
These theories are different because Psychodynamic theory deals with mental disorders such as schizophrenia, depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, and nonschizophrenia psychotic disorders. These people hear voices in their heads telling them what to do, as for people with behavioral disorder do what they were praised for doing as a child and with a personality disorder, they lacked the love and attention and do what they see
My interest in Psychology began when I was studying the subject part of an access course. I was intrigued by Sigmund Freud and the Psychodynamic Approach. Freud suggested that personality is the result of how early conflicts are dealt with and believed that at each stage of development is associated with a particular conflict which needs to be overcome. The more difficult it is to overcome the more stuck or fixated the person becomes. I also find it interesting how society, culture and the attitudes and opinions of other people can have such an impact on a person's behaviour.