Dispositional Personality Theories

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University of Phoenix Online PSY 405/Dr.Cree February 28, 2011 Dispositional Personality Theories With personalities they take part in an important part of everyday life. From Freud to Horney they have produced diverse theories to assist in explaining the development of personality. Within the paper we will discuss Dispositional theories and, how they influence personalities and interpersonal relationships. We will analyze their strengths and limitations and how they can transform personality and influence our life and how we conduct ourselves. In our matrix we will discuss Allport’s psychology of the individual theory, and the trait and factor theory. Both theories express how personality can change personalities and, the different associations that we have over time. Allport’s theory, psychology of the individual, sees human personality different from psychoanalytical and behavioral views. Allport believed that individual’s personality and behavior were not only determined by experiences stored in the unconscious but also by conscious decisions made in the present (Feist & Feist, 2009). Allport also believed that humans are not only organisms that react to rewards and punishment instead humans can interact with the environment and vice versa (Feist & Feist, 2009). Allport’s theory is optimistic of human nature and emphasized the importance of free will and the ability for humans to grow at any age. Psychology of the individual theory focused on the uniqueness of individuals and not too much on the similarities of a group. To describe the structure of personality, Allport referred to the most important structures as permitting description of a person as individual characteristics known as personal dispositions (Feist & Feist, 2009). Allport defined a personal disposition as” a generalized neuropsychic structure (peculiar to the individual), with the
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