He believed a healthy motivational status is when healthy people have sufficiently gratified their basic needs for safety, belongingness, love, respect, and self-esteem. Therefore, they are motivated primarily by “trends to self-actualisation defined as on going actualisation of potentials, capabilities and talents, as fulfilment of mission (or call, fate, destiny, vocation), as a fuller knowledge of, and acceptance of, the person’s own intrinsic nature, as an unceasing trend towards unity, integration or synergy within the person” (Maslow, 1968, p.25). Maslow positioned his theories as a vital complement to that of Freud “it is as if Freud supplied us the sick half of
Describe and evaluate the humanistic approach in psychology The humanistic approach contrasts all the other approaches for one simple reason; this is that the humanistic approach believes that we have free will, this is because we are able to make conscious decisions for our self and chose our own path in life, and for example, the behaviourist approach is deterministic, as the environment determines our behaviour. Rogers stated that certain environments are needed in order for a child to achieve their full potential as an adult. Rogers said we need a condition consisting of positive regard. This means knowing that somebody loves you no matter what you do. He said we all need conditional positive regard from our parents, and if we did not receive this is can lead to psychological problems in our future.
Human service workers need to be prepared for all situations, and have feedback on how well their programs are working. Typically, the next step in the program planning process is to evaluate the program. It is necessary to have a program evaluation because it brings the results to light. In order to meet the well defined goals and objectives of program planning, it is essential for human service programs to have feedback on the effectiveness of the services they are providing so they can continue to satisfy their consumers. Program evaluation is needed so workers can remove anything from their program that was not needed, or add more attention to another direction of the program.
Describe how the duty of care affects own work role My duty of care within my work role affects my understanding and discretion techniques as it includes the assistance with personal care/ hygiene (cleanliness), looking out for the safety of my service user, assisting with meals by either providing or helping feed, the mobility/ transportation of the service user and other medical or physical requirements that are needed to ensure day to day basics. 2.1. Describe dilemmas that may arise between the duty of care and an
“The actualising tendency refers to the tendency in all forms of organic life towards more complex organisation, the fulfilment of potential, and in human beings, the actualisation of the whole person including the persons self” (Merry 2002). Through my own experience I believe there is a need for positive self regard in order for an individual to make positive choices and trust in their own decisions.”To develop a sense of trust in the accuracy and reliability of our own inner experiencing” (Merry 2002). Again through personal experiences I understand the effect of the conditions of worth have on individuals. I believe that these affect us later in life and can be explored
Abraham Maslow developed a model known as The Hierarchy of Needs (1) as a theory for understanding human motivation and personal development. The whole basis behind Maslow’s model is that we are all motivated by needs, there are different levels to these needs and at each level the need needs to be addressed and satisfied to achieve fulfilment. ‘All the evidence that we have indicates that it is reasonable to assume in practically every
Further up the pyramid, the need for personal esteem and feelings of accomplishment take priority. Like Carl Rogers, Maslow emphasized the importance of self-actualization, which is a process of growing and developing as a person to achieve individual potential. 1. Biological and Physiological needs - air, food, drink, shelter, warmth, sex, sleep, etc. 2.
Health and Social Care Assignment 1 Task 1 (A) Describe Maslow’s hierarchy of needs Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is said that people have a varying set of requirements ranging from the basic physical needs to a higher set of developmental needs. Maslow suggests that it is these needs that motivate us to do what we do in our lives. According to Maslow, the main needs people have are: Physical Needs. These include the things that a person needs to survive, such as food and drink. Safety Needs.
We each had our own reasons why the humanistic theory was important to us. The first theory that we will discuss is the humanistic theory. As defined by Robert S. Feldman, “the humanistic theory is the conscious, self motivated ability to change and improve.” (Feldman, 2009, p.401) Humanistic theorists believe that along with peoples unique creative impulses make up the core of human personality (Feldman, 2009, p.401). For Daniel, this theory meant that we have a basic need and desire as humans, to try and achieve, and to be a good person. For Heather, it meant that the humanistic theory is not inherited but done by interaction.
Humanistic perspective is the view that argues that you are free to choose your own behavior, rather than reacting to environmental stimuli and reinforcers. The humanistic perspective on personality deals with human behavior. Humanistic psychologists believe that human drives towards personal growth and is based on the freedom to choose your own free-will. Excluding the environmental factors, humans are mostly conscious beings and are not controlled by unconscious needs and conflicts. They also believe that a person's subjective view of the world is more important than objective reality.