Describe and evaluate the Humanistic Approach in psychology One assumption of the Humanistic approach is that every person has their own unique way of perceiving and understanding the world and that the things they do only make sense in this light. As other approaches take an objective view of people, Humanistic psychologists’ priority is to understand people’s subjectivity, asking ‘what is it like to be this person?’ As a result, they reject the objective scientific method as a way of studying people. Carl Rogers, founder of the humanistic approach created a therapy called client centred therapy. This treatment aims to uncover distortions and denials so the individual can gain insight into his/her true self. Client-centred therapy is based on the therapist giving the client unconditional positive regard, being genuine and honest, and empathising showing empathy.
The humanistic approach has been praised for its great emphasis on autonomy, the idea that we have control over everything we do. The approach also emphasises positivity and is immensely positive about human nature. Therefore it is no surprise that one of the main assumptions of humanism is that we are involved in life as opposed to being an abstraction to it. Humanistic psychologists also believe that all people have a strive towards self actualisation, a state in which we are at peace with the world and ourselves. Maslow presented the idea of the hierarchy of needs, a table that describes how one passes through stages in their life to become self actualised.
(4 marks) A: One theoretical explanation of behavioural change from the humanistic perspective is unconditional positive regard, i.e. , liking and accepting all of another person’s feelings and selfconcept; a non-judgemental and non-possessive caring for, and prising of another person. This may lead to behavioural change during e.g. therapy according to Rogers but it is also important in explaining behavioural changes in a child. An unconditional positive regard from significant others is important if the individual is to become congruent (i.e.
Later in his life Franklin’s deist views remain the same, however, possibly influenced by his Puritan upbringing and the Puritan culture surrounding him, he seeks moral perfection that is commendable by Puritan standards. The very fact that Franklin was able to develop and publish such radical ideas that were completely different from and contradicted the accepted views of his society is proof of the progress made for the rights to think freely during this time of Enlightenment. At the early age of 19 Franklin published a pamphlet in which he revealed his idea of human nature as not in need of constant improvement and punishment because humans are not naturally good or evil. Humans are simply human, nothing else. Franklin does not believe human beings could possibly be evil because he does not believe evil could exist with an all powerful, good, and wise God.
At the same to time I think it right to help the less fortunate and to recognize every person as they are, a human being. While I believe that every human being should have the pursuit of happiness and fulfill their self-interests, one should also show concern for our fellow man. Ethical egoism is the normative ethical position that moral agents should do what is in their own self-interest. Ayn Rand believes that this doctrine is one that every man should follow for fear of becoming a society that lives for others and only others, like the dystopian society in her novel Anthem. While ethical egoism sounds appealing to me, I do not believe that is my only duty.
Humanistic and Existential Theories Influence Interpersonal Relationships According to The Humanistic and Existent Theory influence on interpersonal relationships, people will try and associate with other people and try to connect in a healthy and productive relationship, but in all they will be alone. “Abraham Maslow believed fulfilling love and belongingness was a primal need and must be filled by friendship, creating a family, having a mate and maintaining associations with others. He proposed fulfillment at this level was essential for other levels of human success” (Feist and Feist). Our social construction will help us claim the knowledge, personality and behavior will be constructed from any social interaction and learning theories will define how the human being can learn from their behavior and personality according to the response from their environment will have some considerations internally. The humanistic theory has the great tendency to encourage the human drive toward an ultimate goal that is predetermined.
* Humanistic psychology helped remove some of the stigma attached to therapy and made it more acceptable for normal, healthy individuals to explore their abilities and potential through therapy * One of the greatest strengths of humanistic psychology is that it emphasizes individual choice and responsibility. Humanistic psychology satisfies most people's idea of what being human means because it values personal ideals and self-fulfillment. Finally, humanistic psychology provides researchers with a flexible framework for observing human behavior because it considers a person in the context of his environment and in conjunction with his personal perceptions and feelings. IV.
Assess the view that conscience is not the voice of God, but is learned. (35 marks) Conscience is a person's moral sense of right and wrong and is viewed as a guide to one's behaviour. There are many different philosophers who have different views on the matter and I am going to be using their beliefs to expand on mine. Conscience is definitely not the voice of God because it is developed as we grow through our childhood towards becoming an adult. A philosopher such as Freud would agree with me because he argued that our Conscience is a construct of the mind.
Although the drug soma is used to keep everyone happy and prevents rebellion, the State should not take away family, love and most importantly take way their free will. In the book Brave New World, the subject universal happiness comes into play throughout the story. The State thinks that in order to maintain its stability, they make sure that all its citizens get exactly what they want all the time. In other words, the State is designed to make people happy. According to Tom Stewart, this universal "happiness" is achieved in three ways: “The first is, the State uses biological science and psychological conditioning to make sure that each citizen is not only suited to its job but actually prefers that role to anything else.
Yet, the Irenaean Theodicy is compatible with both the theory of evolution and modern science. The Theodicy also does not deny the existence of evil, which is good because I think it would be wrong to say that evil does not exist when so many people suffer from it on a daily basis. I agree that it is better for humans to have free will and choose to do good than to be programmed to do good things like robots because otherwise we would have no virtue as we would be doing the only thing we could do. The Theodicy also states that humans can’t show true compassion and generosity if there was no such thing as true suffering. This must