Along with actualization, the humanist theory says that people to feel loved and accepted by others, and specifically by those they deem to be "significant others." This was defined by Rogers as the need for positive regard. Theory of Change | What is the epitome of the healthy person? What about a dysfunctional person? Is change likely from this theoretical perspective?
Describe and evaluate the humanistic approach in psychology The humanistic approach contrasts all the other approaches for one simple reason; this is that the humanistic approach believes that we have free will, this is because we are able to make conscious decisions for our self and chose our own path in life, and for example, the behaviourist approach is deterministic, as the environment determines our behaviour. Rogers stated that certain environments are needed in order for a child to achieve their full potential as an adult. Rogers said we need a condition consisting of positive regard. This means knowing that somebody loves you no matter what you do. He said we all need conditional positive regard from our parents, and if we did not receive this is can lead to psychological problems in our future.
Conversely there are nativist theories that believe that human beings have an intrinsic aptitude. Major arguments for and against both theories are provided by a behavioural psychololgist named Burrhus Frederic Skinner and a linguist by the name of Noam Chomsky. This essay aims to explore the theories of these two gentlemen, their proponents and supporting arguments. B.F Skinner and the behaviourist theory. Skinner as a behavioural psychologist believed that the study of observable behaviour is more productive that being concerned with the internal goings on of the mind.
Perhaps more so than Emotivists, Prescriptivists see ethical language as fairly meaningful. They believe that the terms used are able to create absolute rules that everyone ought to follow. It would seem that ethical language is seen by many as very meaningful, although for varying reasons. However agent centred theories such as Virtue Ethics would argue that our main focus of morality should be on becoming as virtuous as possible, rather than deciding what is meant by ethical language. Therefore it would seem that perhaps morality should be more focussed on individuals’ actions rather then defining what is meant by ‘good’ and
You are not there just to meet their physical needs but to maintain their sense of wellbeing. This involves establishing a relationship with the person, involving respect and trust. You should be listening to the individual, despite any difficulties, understand their emotional needs and preferences and learn about their history. Doing this helps maintain the individuals identity, independence and self esteem. 3.
Abraham Maslow believe that people have certain needs they must meet in a technique way, from highest to lowest in self-actualization (Cervone & Pervin, 2010). According to Maslow the needs of safety, love, belonging, and achievement must come into focus for humans. Humanistic theory focues on the individual and suggest that they are in control of his or her state of mind. The environment and the influence of inner thoughts, actions and desires affects the humans personality (McLeod, 2012). The Humanistic key figures are people who are encouraged in his or her upbringing to develop their own unique style instead appreciate when they meet other individuals’ outlooks to develop self-concepts.
Acquiring interpersonal empathy and developing relationship skills is at the heart of the humanistic model. Existentialists are similar to humanists by believing that human beings should strive to have a true awareness of self and to live authentic lives to be whole, healthy individuals. They believe in free-will and that humans need to take responsibility for their existence by making choices to be the best person that they can be. Those who look at themselves as helpless and do not believe they have positive choices may live, empty, inauthentic, and dysfunctional lives (Comer, 2014). The humanistic perspective is valuable since it views each person as unique individuals who have value, responsibility of choices because of freedom, and a capacity to change themselves.
Ethics Awareness Inventory Angie Downs PSY/490 John Papazafiropoulos December 6, 2012 Ethics Awareness Inventory Ethics is a philosophy that deals with morality (separating human actions from right and wrong), which refers to one’s personality and integrity (Sitterly, 2005). People have different perspectives on ethics, such as the obligation perspective, which also has its own style of behaviors. Personal ethics is ultimately based on one’s conscience, and incorporating ethics into one’s choices and decisions will help a person make moral choices (Sitterly, 2005). The American Psychological Association (APA) created the Ethical Principles and Code of Conduct for psychologists exclusively (Gravitz, 2009). The Findings of the Ethics
The term for the use of free will is personal agency. Personal agency refers to a person’s life choices and the paths that the individual goes down, along with the consequences from these actions (Feist, Feist, & Roberts, 2013). This theory assumes that all people are basically good inside and that all individuals have an instinctual need to improve themselves, as well as the world around them. Included in the humanistic theory is the emphasis on the personal value of one’s worth, the uniqueness of individual values, and the innovative spirit of human beings. The method is optimistic in nature and concentrates on virtuous human capabilities to prevail over pain, deprivation, and hopelessness (Feist, Feist, & Roberts, 2013).
I believe that you must get in touch with your emotions and who you really are to make positive changes and I believe that Person-Centered therapy can help achieve that. I value the power of independence/individuality and pursuing what makes you happy and most fulfilled regardless of your life experiences or the opinions of others. Furthermore, a little support goes a long