Abraham Maslow Summary

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Abraham Maslow Summary Abraham Maslow is considered to be the pioneer of the humanism paradigm in psychology. He is best known for creating his notion of hierarchy of needs and self- actualisation and focused on the subjective reality to be the primary guide for human behaviour (Henley, Hergenhahn, 2009). He believed studying individuals is more informative than a group of individual who shares personal traits or social situation in common; therefore he focused studying individuals rather than a collective of individuals (Henley et al, 2009). Furthermore, he emphasised self-discovery that helps to enrich human’s life. Overall, the goal of humanism is to understand the description of human being. Such as importance of language, establishing a set of values, the full spectrum of human emotions, and seeks the meaning in their lives (Henley et al, 2009). Maslow took humanistic psychology to the complete opposite path to behaviourism, which focused on predicting and controlling human behaviour, and objectively study of human behaviour. Unlike behaviourism, humanism believes studying animal behaviours cannot lead to understanding the behaviours of humans (Jourard, 1974). He believed a healthy motivational status is when healthy people have sufficiently gratified their basic needs for safety, belongingness, love, respect, and self-esteem. Therefore, they are motivated primarily by “trends to self-actualisation defined as on going actualisation of potentials, capabilities and talents, as fulfilment of mission (or call, fate, destiny, vocation), as a fuller knowledge of, and acceptance of, the person’s own intrinsic nature, as an unceasing trend towards unity, integration or synergy within the person” (Maslow, 1968, p.25). Maslow positioned his theories as a vital complement to that of Freud “it is as if Freud supplied us the sick half of
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