Foreign Reactions to Western Imperialism China and Japan India and Japan’s reactions to Western imperialism was the same as in they first resisted outside control, but eventually gave in to Westernization; however, India resisted through physical methods while Japan resisted through cultural methods. Europe wanted to expand their empire to include colonies in India and to also have an influence on Japan. The building of the Suez Canal was funded and lead by Britain. The canal allowed for easier trade for the Dutch East India Company that was based in India. This new passage allowed for Western Influence to spread to the Eastern world.
Not only did they westernized their education with modern sciences and modern life, but they also made a frame for the to establish laws and courts of justice (Document3). The British built a strong and efficient administration ran the government for the Indians, deciding that they would not be able to run their government properly, became a problem later for India. Imperialism may have been a positive force for India in many ways, but the economic gain benefitted
14. Imperialism | refers to the domination of European powers, and later the United States and Japan as well, over subject lands in the larger world; sometimes the domination came by force of arms, but often it arose from trade, investment, and business activities that enable imperial powers to profit from subject societies and influence their affairs w/o going to the trouble of exercising direct political control | 15. The White Man’s Burden was the response to American takeover of the Philippines after the Spanish-American War; duty of white men to civilize and modernize new colonies. People living at the time the British took over were nonwhite islanders being evicted from their homes and generally disrespected. 16.
“Isabella and Ferdinand successfully strengthened the authority and power of the Crown in “Spain” by taming the Castilian aristocracy.” To what extent do you agree with this view? Though it is unquestionable that Isabella and Ferdinand did increase the authority of the Crown within “Spain” by 1516. It is, however, more debatable whether the taming of the aristocracy was the sole reason. Other factors such as the unifying of faith within Spain through the exile of the Jews and Muslims, along with their personal style of peripatetic monarchy, surely contributed greatly to their success. The issue of the aristocracy must be addressed first; their influence should not be underestimated, coming from high social backgrounds and many of which held a position in government they generally had at least some form of power, either socially or with direct influence within parliament.
Nasser standing up to Western imperialism is another factor of encouraging Arab unity such as the 1956 Suez crisis. An example is Nasser persuading British troops to leave the Suez Canal showing independence once again. Nasser, viewed as high prestige now, aimed to unite the Arab world. Although the operation was a military success it allowed Israel to occupy the Sinai. However, Nasser had forced the West into submission.
During the late 1800s and early 1900s, European imperialism radically changed the boundaries inside the continents of Africa and Asia incorporating them into their developing colonial empire. This was the same scenario for British imperialism in India. Over time, the colony and colonizer’s opinion on imperialism evolves, as both experience the downside and upside of colonialism. Britain, mother country of India, had benefitted very much from their colony and dramatically improved the quality of life in India. (doc1) (doc4) Through India, Britain was able to obtain tropical produce for their citizens.
Stabilized traditional countries by uniting rival people. Communication was a result along with new schools and hospitals. The cons of western imperialism were the World Wars were caused by imperialistic ideas. Competition raged the tension between nations. Heavy taxes on the smaller countries disrupted local economies.
In the 1700s, Europeans saw numerous opportunities in the New World. They envisioned the colonization as a chance for them to live a free and prosperous life, but, in reality, the American colonists faced many setbacks. The tension between Great Britain and the New England colonies led to American Revolution. In Transcript of Declaration of Independence, Thomas Jefferson acknowledged how the act of force was a rational option in order to obtain liberty from Great Britain; however, in The Rise and Fall of the Newburgh Conspiracy, George Marshall depicted how there is a more reasonable alternative to resolving problems within the new independent country. In the Declaration of Independence, Thomas Jefferson explained how governments should not be overthrown for petty reasons, but he believed the King of Great Britain had taken the situation too far.
Eventually people developed new arts, culture and economic enterprises. Eventually, by the end of the nineteenth century, India fell under British control but used their imperial power to pursue its independence. China suffered a huge decline from their position as the Central Kingdom. All of the Pacific Islands became parts of migration and colonialism. Japan got off of Western Imperialism and got into equal terms with the west.
The Europeans asserted their dominance over these less-developed areas for economic reasons, but also to spread European customs and heighten the sense of pride they had in their nation. Therefore there were a number of economic, political, and social reasons that caused the start of new imperialism in the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries. New imperialism in Africa and the Middle East was mainly driven by economic forces. After the Industrial Revolution nations were taking raw materials and producing them into finished goods at a much faster rate. Since they were making finished goods more quickly, the demand for raw materials in factories rose, which led to the colonization of less-developed areas (Document 1).