During the occupation of British in India, they made a lot of profits due to the abundant resources in India. After British left, a civil war broke out in India. This was a fight between the Hindus and Muslims of India which ultimately led to the creation of India and Pakistan as two separate countries. I believe the British Imperialism hurt India and its people. The British Imperialism hurt Indian and its people because the British using India’s resources and living off the profits that were gained from there.
The trading companies played a significant role in triggering the Navigation Acts, but it was the acts themselves that put trade in the hands of the British. Therefore, it can be judged that the Navigation Acts were the main reason for the growth of the British Empire. The Navigation Acts were the most important aspects which not only helped, but accelerated the growth of the British Empire. The Navigation Acts which began in 1650 had four major aims in its mercantile policy, to encourage the growth of a native merchant marine fleet including colonial ships, to protect English agriculture and manufacturers from foreign competition and to make as much bullion as possible. It started off by forbidding the import of all goods, unless they were imported in English ships.
By the early 1800’s the East India Company gained control over much of South Asia The company in order to gain more power would enlist Hindu kings and Muslim princes to gain more power and to be allowed to collect more money. But the company also relied on a very large military force and a centralized bureaucracy. Together they helped the company collect and guarantee their revenues. Having a large army mint there was a need for a large amount of taxation in order for to get all the funds needed. From 1793 the policies of the lands made by the East India Company required both large and small landowners
What were the benefits and detriments of British Imperialism in India? British Rule in India spans more than 200 years. The British controlled most parts of India, and gave great benefits but also detriments to India. First of all, background information of British rule in India will be given creating a better understanding, secondly, the benefits of Britain's imperialism in India will be talked about, and lastly, Britain's negative impacts to India in 1740+, as Britain exploited India. First of all, British became interested in India in the 1600's.
However, England had to invest a lot of money in the improvement and modernization of India. The British “develop[ed] the territory by building roads, canals, railways”(Document 1) and “establish[ed] schools and newspapers”(Document 1) which isn’t cheap—especially if they have two countries to take care of. In addition, India was even more affected by imperialism. Changes in the Indian society due to English imperialism were necessary and significant, but not worth getting governmental power and independence stripped away from them. The British gave the Indians “the benefit of…blessings of civilization which they did not have the means of creating themselves”.
In addition to the social and political indoctrination and the world wide breakthrough of industrialization during this time, British colonization in India clearly defines the nature which colonial powers can perpetuate their status in a global market by taking advantage of indigenous people for socio-economic prosperity. It is these direct and indirect practices that would prove to be a staple of British imperialism throughout their reign of superiority leading into span of over two centuries. Britain’s 200-year run ruling India began in the mid-17th century when the British East India Company set up trading posts in Bombay, Madras and Calcutta. In 1757, Robert Clive led Company-financed troops – led by British officers and staffed by native soldiers known as sepoys, in a victory over French-backed Indian forces. The victory at the Battle of Plassey made the East India Company the leading power in the country.
By the time the British colonies incited rebellion between them and the British in the 1770’s, they had grown to be powerful and economically independent, the population growing by a factor of eight from 1700 to 1770. British economic policy, is largely to blame for this, driving people to the new world and providing a framework for the economy of the Colonies to grow. The British would also commonly turn a blind eye to those who breached their rules and laws, and this too helped develop and diversify the American Economy. Furthermore, the adoption of a comparatively aggressive mercantilism by England led the colonies to grow much more than those of France and Spain, further pushing them out of the equation. Altogether, British Economic policy was a perfect mix of both salutary neglect and enforced protocol to spur a large amount of growth in British North America, doing so not only through just the Navigation Acts and Salutary neglect, but also the order in which they introduced new laws and regulations.
This policy, along with Wilhelm ll’s decision to create a colonial empire, caused rivalry between the major European powers, particularly Britain. In the 19th century colonialism was very popular as major European powers tried to increase their territory, resources and power. By the 20th century the British Empire had 1/4 of the world’s land surface which gave them trade opportunities and transport advantages (McCallum and Ringer, 2005, p237). Wilhelm ll, with a nation only thirty years old, wanted an empire but had missed out on the overseas colonies such as India and Nigeria which belonged to Britain. Germany’s new colonies in China and Africa made Britain concerned.
The Impacts of Imperialism in India- DBQ Prior to imperialism in India, nothing had been built or improved upon. Once the British took over, however, there were many improvements made to the country. Imperialism is a policy of extending rule over a nations foreign countries. In this case, Britain was the colonizer and India was the colonized. Britain’s need for raw materials and markets to sell in which their goods is what motivated the imperialism of India.
These waves of progress allowed opportunity for major growth. Encouraged by these new strengths, nations sought to expand not only within their borders, but also to revamp their overseas empires and look for new benefits in far off lands. These nations began to feel superior, so they colonize and took control, by military force, international pressure, or economic, influence, of resource-rich but weak countries beneficial to their economic and national expansion. Strategic positioning was also a reason for Imperialism. Great Britain sought control of Egypt to safeguard the route to their flourishing empire in India.