Imperialism Over Asia and Its Impact Shirley Hughes HIS: 351 Asia in Age of Decolonization & Globalization Professor, Holly Heatley November 7, 2011 Imperialism Over Asia and its Impact The advances in technology, agriculture, transportation, communication and more importantly military weapons gave Europeans the power to impose on other countries either by force or the threat of force. China suffered from unbalanced treaties after rebellions failed due to the Unification of European forces along with Japanese forces. China was forced into signing, while India suffered through the methods of divide and conquer, pitting the indigenous Hindu’s and Muslims against one another leaving the door open for British control. Japan with its military might and its aid in fighting with the allies during WWI was viewed as a great power. Japan’s industrialized economy needed resources, which Japan believed they could obtain through the same methods of imperialism.
Unit 1- Age Of Imperialism Summary: In the late 1800s, European nations became involved in a new kind of empire building, imperialism, which arose from the need for self-sufficiency, new markets, and places in which an ever-growing population could settle. European nations divided up almost all of Africa in the late 1800s. Communication and transportation improved, and the slave trade was abolished. For the most part, Africa and Africans were exploited, and tensions developed that would lead to further struggles later in the 1900s. In India the British government assumed direct control.
Between 1500-1800 C.E. Sub-Saharan Africa experienced changes and continuity as they began to go further with their foreign relations. Culturally, Africa began to form syncretic cults that had Christian teachings and African traditions. Slavery continued to be one of Africa's main way of showing economic wealth. Africa experienced growth and change in their political organization and the rise and fall of kingdoms and states Before the syncretic cults, Africa's old traditions and beliefs surrounded deities, idols, and multiple gods.
While trying to conquer Algeria in North Africa, France fought with the people living there. In the 1830’s, France invaded Algeria. Although the French were victorious, they did lose a great amount of lives in the making. Yet France still continued to reestablish its power by taking land, including Tunisia and colonies in West and Central Africa. The French empire in Africa would soon become as large as the continental United
During this entire conflict, the European powers (Britain, France, Germany, Italy, and Russia) had carved up China and Africa into “spheres of influence” for themselves to keep. Although the US had just received many ports to trade with, it didn’t completely satisfy the American economy. So, naturally, the US wanted to be able to access these Asian ports, especially Hong Kong. Secretary of State John Hay dispatched his famous Open Door note, which urged the European nations to keep fair competition open to all nations willing and wanting to participate. This became the “Open Door Policy.” All the powers
Even to this day the Health of citizens remains in private hands. Unfortunately for progressives the cultural paradigm change they helped initiate created a paradox; at the same time as increasing living standards and industrial diversification, the natural rights of citizens were corroded to make way for one of the largest expansions of government in US history. With the creation of the Underwood Tariff Act in the 1900s, an illegal graduated income tax was imposed upon citizens by the federal government. After the US entered the First World War the cultural traits of nationalism expanded with the Sedition and Espionage Acts which limited citizens’ rights further in the name of the United States. Under President Woodrow Wilson, a period of “Peace Progressivism” spread.
China and Portugal during the Age of Exploration When the Chinese finally managed to overthrow the Yuan Dynasty during the Middle Ages, foreign interests increased. With the support of Ming Emperor Yung-Lo, China pursued expansion and trade. Zheng-He, a Chinese Muslim, set out to India, Persia and Africa from 1405 to 1433. Around that time, Portugal commenced their expansion voyages. Despite the fact that the Chinese had a larger population, Portugal was the one who went on to become the dominant nation in the Indian Ocean during the Age of Exploration.
As time went on, the Spanish had so much money that inflation began to occur. There was not enough available supply of goods and services in demand for the rising prices and currency was happening. The Spanish French, and Dutch all began to explore more of North America to compete with each other for wealth, control over territory, resources, and domination of trade with the Indians as well as the Indians themselves as allies or slaves. The constraints on which the choices of colonists placed on administrative policies were due to corruption. As layers of bureaucracy developed over the centuries, so did the inefficiency and corruption within government operations.
Although, in the grand scheme of the African economy, it grew to a more global position, the social or individual part, suffered greatly. Africa also drew large numbers of European migrants who mostly became free cultivators or herders but sometimes found employment as skilled laborers in mines or fledging industries. Most of these migrants were peasants, and criminals who wanted to make money quickly because they couldn’t in Europe, with their social
This continuity of sea trade can be seen throughout 650-1750, rising and falling at times. With the rise of Islam and the Mongols, overseas trade slowed because of the importance of the Silk Road. As the Mongols declined sea trade became important again. The merchants of the Indian Ocean were used to the highest quality of products. The Ming, and especially the Chinese, continued in heavy foreign trade from Malacca to India throughout this period.