ommunication Describe the expected pattern of children and young peoples communication development from birth to nineteen years. Communication development it anything to do with our speech and language development, the way we interact with the world around us, gather information, social awareness of situations and how to conduct ourselves when building relationships, among other things. Birth - 4 Months: • Coos, then babbles. These first sounds, apart from crying are intentionally made to show pleasure. Crying with different tones and intensities communicates a need or unhappiness.
They will be saying a couple of clear words – ma, papa, dada and my personal favourite ‘no’. Between the ages of 2 and 3 the child will enjoy colouring, learning names of objects, forming sentences, developing a personality, throwing tantrums, play with water sing nursery rhymes, run, put together jigsaw puzzles, put their shoes on and even dress themselves. 3 to 7 year olds will start to understand the difference between right and wrong, between 3 and 4 they develop motor skills. They can play games; start making friends in nursery and follow instructions. They attempt to write, recognise the alphabet and numbers and build on their social skills.
* Makes eye contact * May move their eyes towards the direction of sound * Responds to sounds, especially familiar voices. | 3 months | * Baby can imitate low or high pitched sounds. * Knows the smell of their mum from that of others. * Recognises differing speech sounds | * Baby will stay awake for longer periods. * Will fix eyes on mum’s face when feeding.
• Startle reflex: when babies hear a sudden sound or see a sudden bright light they will react by moving their arms outwards and clenching their hands. Congnitive: Babies recognise the smell and sound of their mothers voice Commuication: babies cry when they are hungry, tired or distressed. Social, emotional, and behavioural: contact between primary carer and baby especially when feeding. Babies at 1 month: in the 1st month of a babies life they will have usually have started to settle into a pattern, they will still sleep at lot but will gradually start to be awake for longer periods of time. They cry to communicate and parents will start to recognise the different types of cries.
These are:- Physical Communication/Intellectual Social/Emotional/Behavioural Physical Babies are born with a number of different movements which are known as reflexes. The most important reflexes of a new born baby are:- Swallowing and sucking Reflex (to be able to gain milk from the mothers breast or formula milk given in a bottle and to be able to swallow). Rooting Reflex (this is when a baby is stroked across the the face and the baby turn its head in search of their mothers nipple or teat). Grasp Reflex (babies curl their fingers round an object when placed in the palm of their hand). Walking Reflex (a baby will make stepping movements and try to straighten their bodies when held in a standing position).
Even from a few months old they will smile and engage with their carer and by four months can vocalise by ‘babbling’ and ‘cooing’. From six months old an infant will become more interested in social interaction, although that depends on the amount of time spent with other children and his/hers personality, they will also have a fear of strangers and distress at the separation of a parent or carer. By the time they are nine months old an infant can recognise familiar and unfamiliar faces. From one year ‘temper tantrums’ may have begun. They become more demanding and assertive and can express rage at being told ‘no’, they have no idea of sharing and a strong sense of ‘mine’.
It may also occur as a result of human nature and our ability to learn from our environment. Human beings have a keen sense to adapt to their surroundings and this is what child development encompasses. Every child would struggle to find their culture and identity in child development. | Birth – 1 Month • Sleeps 20 hours a day • Crying – main form of communication (fosters early interaction) • Begins to have distinct facial expressions • Moves around more • Focuses both eyes together • Can detect smells • Sensitive to touch • Uses reflexes • Focuses on source of sound | | 2 – 3 Months • Visual and oral exploration • Cries, coos, and grunts • Emotional distress • Smiles at a face (social smiling) • Imitates some movements and facial expressions • Begins to realize he/she is a separate person from others • Can be comforted by a familiar adult • Can respond positively to
Intellectual development includes attention span, understanding information, reasoning, developing memory, logical thinking and questioning. Language development includes understanding and acquiring language, developing vocabulary and body language Years | Physical | Communication & Intellectual | Social | Emotional & Behavioural | 0-3yrs | * Watches hands * grasping * Cooing * Follows with eyes * Rolling over * Reaches for toys * Puts object in mouth * Moves toys from one hand to another * Sits up supported * Crawling * Rolls from back to front * Drops objects on purpose * Moves around furniture * Feeds with spoon * Scribbles * Walks unaided | * Cooing * Make eye contact * Babbling * Imitate and repeat sounds * Understands words ‘bye bye’ * First words may be made * Putting two words together * Enjoys stories and rhymes | * Smile * Laugh * Fears strangers
Loss of a comforter - The transition between having a dummy, muslin, teddy bear, blanket and not having one can be quite upsetting . Move from crawling to walking - This transition sees children reach new perspectives on their lives, viewing the world around them from an independently upright position. They can obtain items with greater ease, move with increasing speed. 3.2 explain how to give adult support for each of these transitions Babies weaning - supportive relationships help to overcome the anxiety during these times with use of a soothing, calm voice, reassurance through eye contact, physical contact to comfort , play ideas that help distract tension and diffuse worry, or maybe anger at facing another unwanted episode of food tasting. Motivate trying the new foods by tasting them first - facial expression yum Starting Nursery - help children through this potentially difficult time by reassuring the child that it's ok to
1.1 Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years, include: a) Physical development, b) Communication and intellectual development, c) Social, emotional and behavioural development. In the early stages, when the child is a baby, it communicates by crying so that its needs are meet. The needs are to eat, drink, sleep and general comfort. A baby needs love and attention to grow and develop. According to Ericsson’s psychosocial theory, an infant/toddler’s first conflict is trust vs mistrust of its environment.