Understand Young Persons and Children Development

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Understand Child and Young Person Development 1.1 EXPLAIN THE SEQUENCE AND RATE OF EACH ASPECT OF DEVELOPMENT OF CHILD FROM BIRTH TO 18 YEARS INTRODUCTION:- Child development refers to the biological and psychological and emotional changes that occur in human beings between birth and the end of adolescence, as the individual progresses from dependency to increasing autonomy. Because these developmental changes may be strongly influenced by genetic factors and events during prenatal life, genetics and prenatal development are usually included as part of the study of child development. Related terms include developmental psychology, referring to development throughout the lifespan, and pediatrics, the branch of medicine relating to the care of children. Developmental change may occur as a result of genetically-controlled processes known as maturation, or as a result of environmental factors and learning, but most commonly involves an interaction between the two. It may also occur as a result of human nature and our ability to learn from our environment. Human beings have a keen sense to adapt to their surroundings and this is what child development encompasses. Every child would struggle to find their culture and identity in child development. | Birth – 1 Month • Sleeps 20 hours a day • Crying – main form of communication (fosters early interaction) • Begins to have distinct facial expressions • Moves around more • Focuses both eyes together • Can detect smells • Sensitive to touch • Uses reflexes • Focuses on source of sound | | 2 – 3 Months • Visual and oral exploration • Cries, coos, and grunts • Emotional distress • Smiles at a face (social smiling) • Imitates some movements and facial expressions • Begins to realize he/she is a separate person from others • Can be comforted by a familiar adult • Can respond positively to
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