| | Communication | From birth, babies will be able show a sign of communication by ‘crying’ and even ‘smiling’. Some are able to respond to adults by ‘cooing’.By 12 months of age, most babies will be able to respond to their own name. Begins babbling sounds, e.g. dadada.By 18 months, will be able to respond to words such as, ‘bye’. Be able to say ‘mama’ or ‘dada’, recognising their parents.
| |0-3 |As a new born a child has very little |From the day they are born we try to |Children in this age range need to | | |control over its body. Such as how it |communicate with children.. At first |form strong attachments to an adult, | | |sucks and grasps to gain nutrition. |children do not understand what is being |at this stage it is normally parents | | |By a year old most babies can roll over|said but just the fact we talk, read or |and carers. Frustration often occurs | | |and/or crawl. |sing to them stimulates the brain to learn |when they want/need do things for | | |1 year old most walk.
0 to 3 years: Physical Development: Rapid development of gross motor skills and fine motor skills leading to crawling and mobility followed by improvement of skills for eye and hand co-ordination. Communication and Intellectual Development: Adult communication with babies should lead to speech and an increase in their vocabulary as well as the successful use of negatives and plurals in their speech patterns. Social, Emotional and Behavioural Development: Children begin to form their individual identities and develop emotional attachments the earliest of which is likely to be with parents and carers. 3 to 7 years: Physical Development: More co-ordinated movements leading to running, kicking and even better eye and hand co-ordination leading to drawing and writing. Communication and Intellectual Development: Children will have the ability to phrase questions and be able to use past and future tense in their communications as well as improvements with writing and numeracy.
When we work with infants at nursery to help them with basics vocabulary and numeracy we need to choose media that will help them understand. Small children will remember songs, words and rhymes. Infants learn by looking, hearing and touching. They pay attention to voices, music and rattles. Patience is the most important skill.
Understand CYP development - unit 331 1.1 - Overall expected sequence and rate of developement for children aged 0-19 yrs 0 - 3 months Starts to recognise familiar faces and will respond to parent/carer's voice and music. Observes parent/carer's face (whilst feeding), also bright colours and bold images are very noticeable. Can see best at approx. 25cm away from their own face. Cries as a way of communicating, when hungry, tired, needs a nappy change or when wants comfort, or even when regular routine is changed.
These are the stages of development that has been broken down in age categories and aspect that was mentioned in the previous sentence. Language development Language development usually begins as they turn 3 months old as they learn to use their voice and vocal play, they will also watch mouths and faces and try to copy the sound and movements. Birth-6 months * Babies begin to cry when hungry, tied or distressed * Babies coo when content * Babies smile back when they see a smiling face 6-12 months * Start to enjoy making new and different sounds and will be able to display their feelings in laughing/crying/squealing * Body language develops such as arms up to be lifted 12-24 months * Speech begins to develop and start to respond and understand more words when listening * Starts to copy sound such as simple names * Simple commands are understood even though their understanding their vocabulary can consist up to 150 words and can start to use single words such as ‘mum, dad, more, ta’ and then move in to two worded sentences such ‘more food’ * And they develop to being 18-24
- will begin to develop a sense of empathy and may care for people who are crying or upset. - yet their way of dealing with emotions is still in its early stages and children may use physical violence to express their frustration. - children begin to develop an identity that will continue to form for years to come . - moods can change quickly, as they do not have the skills to control their emotions. Intellectual - Learning new words and how to use language occurs fairly rapidly during this stage, by the age of 5 they know approx.
CYP Core 3.1 Understand child and young person development 1. Understand the expected pattern of development for children and young people from birth to 19 years. 1.1 Explain the sequence rate of each aspect of development from birth to 19 years. Social , emotional, behaviour and moral development Birth to 3 years Early from birth a baby can respond to touch and sound, will recognise a parent or carers voice and will stare at bright shiny objects. Even from a few months old they will smile and engage with their carer and by four months can vocalise by ‘babbling’ and ‘cooing’.
Social | Emotional | Physical | Cognitive/Intellectual | Language/ Communication | Moral | 0-3 months | | | | | | * Quickly learn to recognise the smell or voices of familiar people that the baby often spends time with. * Start to communicate with little signals or different cries when baby is hungry, tired or needs to be changed. | * Babies can feel at this stage but not yet able to think, they may pick up on your emotional behaviour and feel the same e.g. baby may feel relaxed when you are calm but may feel stressed if you are upset or unhappy, so may be harder to settle the baby. | * Most parts of baby’s bodies are still immature.
Stimulation aids development. At the age of one and a half a child learns that asking questions gets information so they are always asking questions to get information. Babies from 0 – 6 months puts different things in their mouth so they learn what they are. Also at 6- 12 months they repeat a lot of things they see. At two years you can have a nice conversation with the baby.