CHILD AND YOUNG PERSON DEVELOPMENT: 1.1 Birth-1- PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT: This is a fast development period for babies. Babies are quick to learn the sucking motion and they need it to feed at this early age which results in there physical development for weight and height. There reflexes are vital at this age as they need to survive. As they get a little older they become stronger and are able to begin lifting their heads, rolling over and in some cases crawling aswell. "Baby talk" may also come into affect.
The baby will grasp objects or a finger in which they will put in the palm of their hands. The way babies communicate and by showing their scared is they will straighten their legs and throw their arms around. By 6 months they will be able to pass objects from hand to hand, by 9-10 months they are able to crawl. | Learn that when they cry someone will come to see them. From about 9 to 12 month’s babies begin to follow the gaze or pointing gesture of an adult.
A sudden loud sound or slight drop of neck would initiate the Moro reflex, also known as the “embracing reflex”. It was said that this reflex helped infants cling to their mothers in evolutionary pasts. If you stroke the bottom of an infant’s foot, the toes will fan out and curl as the foot twists in. The function for this reflex is unknown. The Palmar grasp is placing your
Reflexive and cry vocalizations stage, which is observed during the first month of life. 2. Cooing/gooing stage, in which basic syllable shapes of a consonant followed by a vowel (CV) are observed, and rounded back vowels (/o/, /u/) and back consonants (/k/, /g/) are produced, usually between 2 and 3 months of age. At this stage, children can distinguish between their mother’s voice and another voice and between utterances in a foreign
Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth to 19 years When working with children and young people, it is useful to have an idea of typical development for their age. Babies at birth: Babies are born with many reflexes which are actions they perform without thinking, many reflexes are linked to survival. Exmaples of what you might observe: Physical: • Swallowing and sucking reflexes: these ensure that the baby can feed and swallow milk • Rooting reflex: The baby will move its head to look for a nipple or teat if its cheek or mouth is touched, this helps the baby find milk. • Grasp reflex: babies will automatically put their fingers around a object that touched the palm of their hand. • Startle reflex: when babies hear a sudden sound or see a sudden bright light they will react by moving their arms outwards and clenching their hands.
Child and Young Person Development Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years. |Age (years) |Physical Development |Communication and intellectual development |Social, emotional and behavioural development| |0 – 3 |If the baby is pulled to sitting position, |The baby responds to sounds, especially familiar |A baby’s first smile in definite response to | | |the head will lag, the back curves over and |sounds. |carer is usually around 5-6 weeks. | | |the head falls. |The baby shows excitement at sound of approaching |The baby turns to regard nearby speaker’s | | |The baby turns its head towards the light and|footsteps or voices.
Infancy and Early Childhood Development Theresa Clemons Psychology 375 March 11, 2013 Professor Lindsey Respress Infancy and Early Childhood Development Development of a child begins in the womb. The human fetus is defined as the unborn human during the stage of development. In this stage the fetus develops organs and grows many times its size during this time (E how Family, 2011). Once the child is born it is even more important that the environment is conducive for normal infant physical and mental growth. Infants experience the majority of its growth during the first year.
The myth is that the brain develops within the first three years of a child’s life, so the first three years are the most important for development. Disagreement With Myth Lugo-Gil and Tamis-LeMonda (2008) found that the parenting quality, judged by the interactions between parent and child, influence the cognitive development of a child. The act of spending quality time with a child in early development has a positive influence on cognitive development (Broderick & Blewitt, 2015). The difference surrounding the myth is that the brain is not fully
There is an expected pattern for children to develop from birth to 19 years, however it is important to realise that every child is different. The expected milestones are based on what most children will be capable of by age. Children’s development happens in step changes, they have large “jumps” then plateau, and so on. In all areas of a child’s development children start by learning through trial and error i.e. : poking and fiddling.
Physical In a newborn you would mainly expect reflexes such as the startle reflex where are baby reacts to a sudden bright light or noise, by jerking their arms outwards and clenching their fists or the walking & standing reflex, where if a child is held upright with feet firm on the ground, they will start to make stepping movements or lastly the Falling reflex also known as the Moro reflex, where babies will stretch out their arms suddenly and then clasp inwards in any situation that they feel as if they are falling. Communication & Intellectual In regards to communication & intellect there is not much to expect other than crying to convey their needs and looking around and responding to sounds. Social, emotional & behaviour The main carer (normally the mother) and the baby normally will form a substantial and close bond with one another from an early stage. You may witness the baby staring at their mother and the mother is very aware of the baby also. One Month In the space of just a month babies show changes such as the fact that they seem more relaxed and settling into a pattern of sleeping quite a lot but slowly beginning to be awake longer.