TDA 2.1 Child and young person development
Learning outcome 1.1
Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years, to include:
Communication and intellectual development
Social, emotional and behavioural development
Birth- Babies are expected to be born around 40 weeks of pregnancy. On average 3% of babies arrive on time. Babies that are born less than 37 weeks into pregnancy are known as premature. 'Premature babies are likely to need a little more time to reach the same levels of development as babies who are born at around 40 weeks' (Tassoni 2010)
There are three main stages developments of child development. These are:-
Babies are born with a number of different movements which are known as reflexes. The most important reflexes of a new born baby are:-
Swallowing and sucking Reflex (to be able to gain milk from the mothers breast or formula milk given in a bottle and to be able to swallow).
Rooting Reflex (this is when a baby is stroked across the the face and the baby turn its head in search of their mothers nipple or teat).
Grasp Reflex (babies curl their fingers round an object when placed in the palm of their hand).
Walking Reflex (a baby will make stepping movements and try to straighten their bodies when held in a standing position).
Startle Reflex (a baby will cry when they hear loud noises or see a bright light and show this by closing their hands into fists and making a sudden jump).
Falling / Moro Reflex (this is when a baby feels like they are falling and the sudden movements effect the neck and cause them to open their hands wide and through their hands back).
Blinking Reflex ( this is when a baby responds to light by blinking when a light is shone).
A babies way of communicating is crying which alerts to their parents/ carers their needs and...