2.1 Child and Young Person Development

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There is an expected pattern for children to develop from birth to 19 years, however it is important to realise that every child is different. The expected milestones are based on what most children will be capable of by age. Children’s development happens in step changes, they have large “jumps” then plateau, and so on. In all areas of a child’s development children start by learning through trial and error i.e.: poking and fiddling. They are motivated by delight in their own actions and the reaction they gain from their caregivers. They then move on to learning my imitating adults and copying actions. And finally, they develop their own intentions and interests that drive them forward. Developmental areas are broken down into the following categories: Physical Intellectual Language/Communication Emotional Social/Behavioural Development is extensive, but here are some examples of what is expected, by age group, by category: 0-3 Months : Physical Growth is sporadic in first couple of years and growth starts at a fast pace, but slows, as they get older. The brain is growing and connections are being made fuelling fast development. Stronger neck muscles enable them to hold up their head briefly and propped and supported can sit for 30mins approx. Kicks and waves arms when excited, this uses the same muscles needed for standing in later development, and the same movement as stepping, so they are already practicing for becoming fully mobile. They also start to become more alert when awake and start to hold smaller items in a “grasp” such as a rattle. On their tummy they push with their hands and flex their feed and are able to rollover. 0-3 Months : Communication / Intellectual Within a week of being born, newborns know the voices
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