Unit 5: Principles of Safeguarding and Protection in Health and Social Care 1.1 The definitions of abuse are: Physical: Slapping, kicking, hitting, pinching, burning, scalding, restraining someone, misuse of medication, and leaving someone in soiled clothing or bedding. Sexual: When someone does not give free willing consent to a sexual act, children can consent nor can someone who has a limited capacity or understanding. Emotional/Psychological: Bullying, shouting, swearing, humiliation, coercion, not allowing someone to have contact with others, lack of privacy, lack of dignity, humiliation. Financial: Exploiting someone for financial gain, theft, fraud, coercion in regard to will, property or financial payments. Institutional: Freedom is limited by the institution, mealtimes and bedtimes are set by the institution, privacy and dignity are not respected, advice and advocacy are restricted or denied, overuse of sedation and medication, and not be able to utilise the complaints procedure.
Flinching when another person is near you. A heightened sense of fear and anxiety around a person. Low self esteem Sexual Abuse Sexual abuse can be defined as any behavior perceived to be of a sexual nature which is unwanted and takes place without consent or understanding. This can be inappropriate touching or looking. Conversation with sexual content that is not appropriate for the meeting and is making either party uncomfortable.
Bank details changing or being unable to make payment. Institutional abuse Institutional abuse is neglect or mistreatment of an individual at risk by a regime or other individuals. It can take place within the settings and services that individuals live in or use, and it violates the person’s dignity, resulting back in a lack of respect for their human rights. Signs and symptoms can be
Inappropriate touching, fondling, indecent exposure, penetration of vagina or anus by penis, fingers or other objects. Unwanted exposure to pornography or sexual acts. Psychological abuse includes emotional abuse, treats of harm or abandonment, deprivation of contact, humiliation, blaming, controlling, intimidation, harassment, verbal abuse, isolation, or withdrawal form services or supportive networks, withholding affection, shouting, depriving the person of the right to choice, information and privacy. Behaviour that has a harmful effect on the vulnerable adult’s emotional health and development. Financial abuse includes theft, fraud, exploitation and pressure in connection with wills, property, financial transactions, or the misuse or misappropriation of property, possession or benefits.
1.1 -Physical abuse is when another person is causing physical harm to another person with intention of hurting them -Sexual Abuse is when the forcing of any unwanted sexual activity by one person on another as by the use of threat or force. -Emotional/Psychological abuse is when someone is trying to control and manipulate another person through the use of fear, humiliation, intimidation and verbally abusing them. -Financial abuse is when someone is misusing the use of another person’s belongings whether money, property or valuables without that persons consent or not knowing. -Institutional abuse is when a company or organisation fails to provide appropriate and professional bodies to vulnerable people and failure to protect them while people are under their care. -Self-Neglect is when someone is harming themselves whether being self-abusing (cutting themselves) neglecting their personal hygiene (washing and dressing) refusing to eat or drink.
Sexual Abuse: Touching them in inappropriate intimate places or taking indecent photos. Again a sign of fear of certain staff or rooms. Sexually transmitted dieeases, become withdrwn Emotional/psychological abuse: Verbally abusing them or bullying the clients. A main symptom of this would be very low self esteem and possibly uncomfortable with new situations. Financial abuse: misuse of clients money.
1.1 Define the following types of abuse: Physical abuse Is someone who deliberately causes somebody else to be in pain by hitting, punching, kicking, slapping another person, resulting in the victim left injured. Physical abuse can also be rough treatment of a victim like grabbing someone to hard, inappropriate restraining or depriving someone of food or been warm and comfortable. Sexual abuse Unwanted sexual contact from the abuser to the victim, sexual abuse can take place in many forms and anywhere. Sexual abuse can be unwanted comments such as remarks or jokes, to exposing themselves to a victim, forcing their victim to touch them on their private parts or forcing themselves onto the victim, and rape. Emotional/Psychological Abuse can take place in all kinds of relationships from a partner to friendship to a working relationship; it can be very harmful and psychologically damaging to a victim.
The victim is often accused of being too sensitive or making a big deal of the situation. Verbal abuse is manipulative and controlling and is intended to attack the nature and abilities of the targeted victim. Over time, the victim self-esteem is deflated and they become self-conscious around the abuser. The thing with verbal abuse is that may start with simple put-downs or jokes but usually escalates into physical abuse. There are several
The abuser is often is often very subtle and persuades the victim into thinking that it would be a good idea and that they are trying to help them and look out for them. Indicators of financial abuse could be that victim has difficulties with finances, for example they may suddenly become unable to pay bills or start to lack food and other necessities which could show that their money is being spent elsewhere. They could also have a change in their health due to stress; common health problems caused by stress could include heart conditions, breathing difficulties and trouble sleeping. Sexual Sexual abuse is when an individual has sexual activity or touches another person inappropriately without the victims consent. It could also mean that the person has consented to it because they were made to feel intimidated or persuaded by the
Types of sexual abuse are rape, sexual assault, touching and fondling, offensive or inappropriate language or involving an individual in the making and/or showing of pornography. • Emotional/psychological abuse. This is behaviour that has a harmful effect on the person’s emotional health and development or any form of mental cruelty. Some participating factors of emotional/psychological abuse maybe threats of harm or abandonment, being deprived of social or any other sort of contact, humiliation, blaming, controlling, verbal abuse, bullying or behaviour that undermines the adults self-esteem and results in them being less able to protect themselves. • Financial abuse.