Unit 5: Principles of Safeguarding and Protection in Health and Social Care

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Unit 5: Principles of safeguarding and Protection in Health and Social Care 1. Physical abuse includes hitting, slapping, pushing, kicking, misuse of medication, inappropriate sanction of restraint, pinching, scalding, forced feeding, the use of force which results in pain, injury or change in individual’s natural physical estate. Poisoning and deliberately inducing ill-health. Sexual abuse includes rape and sexual assault or sexual acts to which the vulnerable adult has not consented or cannot consent. Inappropriate touching, fondling, indecent exposure, penetration of vagina or anus by penis, fingers or other objects. Unwanted exposure to pornography or sexual acts. Psychological abuse includes emotional abuse, treats of harm or abandonment, deprivation of contact, humiliation, blaming, controlling, intimidation, harassment, verbal abuse, isolation, or withdrawal form services or supportive networks, withholding affection, shouting, depriving the person of the right to choice, information and privacy. Behaviour that has a harmful effect on the vulnerable adult’s emotional health and development. Financial abuse includes theft, fraud, exploitation and pressure in connection with wills, property, financial transactions, or the misuse or misappropriation of property, possession or benefits. Doorstep crime and ‘scams’. Institutional abuse involves the collective failure of an organisation to provide an appropriate and professional service to vulnerable people. It can be seen or detected in processes, attitudes and behaviour that amount to discrimination through unwitting prejudice, ignorance, thoughtlessness and stereotyping. It includes a failure to ensure the necessary safeguards are in place to protect vulnerable adults and maintain good standard of care in accordance with individual needs, including training of staff, supervision and management,

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