Unit 4-Principles of Safeguarding and Protection in Health and Social Care. There are several different types of abuse; physical Abuse, this could be hitting, shaking, and biting, scalding, force feeding or any other physical harm to a person. Sexual Abuse, this could be forcing an individual to be part of a sexual activity or behaving in a sexual inappropriate way. Penetrative acts or non-penetrative acts and viewing inappropriate sexual activity on the internet are all types of sexual abuse. Emotional/psychological abuse, this could be bullying, threatening behaviour, lowering self esteem, exploitation, verbal abuse and swearing.
Unit 205 1.1 -Define the following types of abuse: – physical abuse – sexual abuse – emotional/psychological abuse – financial abuse – institutional abuse – self-neglect – neglect by others Physical abuse – including assault, hitting, slapping, pushing, misuse of medication Sexual abuse – including rape, indecent exposure, sexual harassment, inappropriate looking or touching, sexual teasing or innuendo, sexual photography. Psychological abuse – including emotional abuse, threats of harm or abandonment, lack of contact, humiliation, blaming, controlling, intimidation, harassment, verbal abuse. Financial abuse – including theft, fraud, bullying in relation to an adult’s financial affairs or arrangements, including in connection with wills, property, inheritance or financial transactions. Self-neglect – this covers a wide range of behaviour neglecting to care for one’s personal hygiene, health or surroundings and includes behaviour such as hoarding. Neglect is a form of mistreatment by individuals resulting from inadequate attention, especially through carelessness or disregard for the needs of others.
UNIT 5 1.1 Define types of abuse. In "No Secrets" (Department of Health and Home Office, 2000) abuse is described as "a violation of an individuals human and civil rights by another person or persons". It can be a single act or repeated act and it happens when someone either deliberately or unknowingly causes harm or endangers life or rights. There are various types of abuse; Physical abuse includes harming someone by the use of force and applying inappropriate physical force to manage or restrain a person. It includes: · Hitting, slapping, pinching, biting.
Unit 4: Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care. Unit 4 1.1-1.2 Physical abuse: Physical abuse is when someone deliberately hurts or injures someone. Physical abuse can take many forms. Physical abuse can make you feel frightened and anxious, depressed and sad, unable to sleep and concentrate. Signs and symptom of physical abuse: cuts and grazes Hitting and kicking Pain and marks Burns and bruises Giving medication that may harm withdrawal from daily activities and social contact Disciplining in an inappropriate way Sexual abuse: Sexual abuse is when a vulnerable adult pressurized or forced to taking part into any sexual activities.
Outcome 1 Know how to recognise signs of abuse The learner can: 1. define the following types of abuse: Physical abuse Sexual abuse Emotional/psychological abuse Financial abuse Institutional abuse Self neglect Neglect by others 2. identify the signs and/or symptoms associated with each type of abuse. Definition of “abuse is a violation of an individual's human and civil rights by any other person or persons”. (Department of Health, 2000. No secrets guidelines) | 1 – Definition of the Abuse | 2 - Signs and Symptoms | Physical Abuse | Hitting, Slapping, Pushing, Kicking, Burning, Rough or Careless Handling, Misuse of Medication, Inappropriate Restraint. | The appearance of unexplained bruising, cuts, burns.
Sexual abuse Is an act of forcing sexual activity onto another without consent and against their will. Using threats or coercion to get sexual activity that is improper or harmful to another person. For example: Rape or sexual assault, masturbation, sexual harassment, penetration or attempted penetration, indecent exposure. ? Emotional/psychological abuse Is any act of abuse, in any abuse situation the victim is caused both emotional and psychological distress.
205 1.1 • Physical abuse - This is where the individual is injured due to an act of harm comes towards them. • Sexual abuse - This is where the individual is exploited sexually or when topics or acts of sexual nature and enforced on the individual. • Emotional/psychological abuse - this is where the individual is verbally abused, tormented, bullied or blackmailed. • Financial abuse - this is where the individual has money stolen or is encouraged to spend it on thinks they do not need. • Institutional abuse - this is where the institution has imposed procedures that do not conform to the individuals support plans and is not suited to them.
Signs of this can include bruising, cuts or pressure marks, changes in a person’s character or behaviour. Sexual Abuse : Contact with a person without their consent, physical sexual acts. Forcing a person to watch pornographic material or to forcibly undress a person or make them undress. Signs can be torn clothing, scratches or bruising in personal areas. Change in behaviour.
1.1 Define the following types of abuse Physical abuse: Physical abuse may involve hitting, shaking, throwing, poisoning, burning, or scalding, drowning, suffocating or anything that can cause harm to a child. Physical harm may also be caused when a parent or carer falsifies the symptoms or may deliberately cause a child to have ill health; this can be known as Munchausen’s syndrome by proxy. Sexual abuse: sexual abuse involves forcing or enticing a child or young person to take part in sexual activities, whether or not the child is aware of what is happening. The activities may involve physical contact, including penetrative (e.g. rape or beggary) or non-penetrative acts.
Unit 5 1.1 Physical abuse Physical abuse involving contact planned to cause bodily harm, feelings of intimidation, other physical suffering or injury • Sexual abuse Sexual abuse is the forcing of undesired sexual behavior by one person upon another • Emotional/psychological abuse Emotional/psychological abuse may involve threats or actions to cause mental or physical harm; humiliation; violation • Financial abuse Financial abuse is the illegal or unauthorized use of a person’s money, property, pension book or other valuables. • Institutional abuse Institutional abuse involves failure of an organization to provide appropriate and professional individual services to vulnerable people. It can be seen or detected in processes, attitudes and behavior that amount to discrimination through unwitting prejudice, ignorance, thoughtlessness, stereotyping and rigid systems. • Self neglect Self-neglect is a behavioral condition in which an individual neglects to attend to their basic needs, such as personal hygiene, feeding, clothing, or medical conditions they might have. • Neglect by others Neglect is a passive form of abuse in which the wrongdoer is responsible to provide care, for someone, who is unable to care for oneself, but fails to provide adequate care to meet their needs.