This shows that appeasement, in which is designed to avoid conflict, war and death was causing it anyway by letting a country being invaded by an Aggressive leader such as Hitler. This factor of surrendering the Sudentland under appeasement is key to why British Foreign Policy was a disaster. The factor that War had broke out in 1939 despite the actions under the British Foreign Policy shows that the policy was a disaster. It had failed the main achievement of avoiding war in Europe, however with the aggressive leaders such as Hitler and Mussolini in Europe; many believed they needed to be confronted with rather than given what they wanted. Source 4 is an extract from a speech by Winston
They did not receive a satisfactory reply and they declared war on Russia and France. On August 2nd, the Germany sent an ultimatum to Belgium. It was about the countries intent to send troops through Belgium. Belgium refused to grant permission. The British did not want to have war, but after hearing about the ultimatum that was sent to Belgium, Britain sent an ultimatum to Germany asking them to respect that Belgium was neutral.
This meant they let him increase Germany’s armed forces and put them in the Rhineland, in violation of the Treaty of Versailles. They allowed him to take the Sudetenland from Czechoslovakia, believing that he would ultimately decide he had enough land. The policy did not have the desired affect; when Hitler knew he could get away with anything, he wanted more. Finally France and Britain realised he could not be appeased and they would need to take action against him. Had they done this earlier, there could have been a far less
Wednesday 26th September Why did World War 1 begin? The main cause of the outbreak of World War 1 was the assassination of the Archduke of Bosnia, Franz Ferdinand. Austria blames Serbia for this because of a group of terrorists called the Black Hand. They want to kill him because they did not like the fact that Austria-Hungary ruled Serbia. So Austria declares war on Serbia, and Belgrade is bombed.
However, because of the ultimatum given to Belgium on August 2, 1914, by France, war was declared between the two countries on August 3. The ultimatum stated that German troops were to be allowed to pass through Belgian territories. This argument has no real basis to me, because although it was Germany’s troops who were being fought over, the actual disagreement was between two other countries. This author then goes on to mention that on August 4, Great Britain declares war on Germany, solely because they wanted to maintain world power
Source 2, even though it agrees with the statement also disagrees to an extent as well and supports source 3, blaming the immobilisation of Russia for the outbreak of war, linking to source 3 as Russia would have carefully thought out the plan to immobilise and rearm. Source 1 also slightly blames the Austrians for the start of the war due to the conflict between Austria-Hungary and Serbia in relation to the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand which is an important reason that should not be overlooked. Another reason for the outbreak of war is also the triple entente between Britain, France and Russia which caused Germany to feel encircled due to these countries geographical location, this could disprove source 2 about the schlieffen plan, arguing it was done in order to knock France out before war began officially and put ends to a 2 front war. Source 1 agrees with the statement that war broke out as a result of decisions made by the German military. ‘German military which ultimately secured by a combination of persuasion and defiance, the mobilisation orders, the ultimata and declarations of war which unleashed the conflict’ This shows the German military were the ones who ordered the mobilisation and rearmament of Germany and the use of the word ‘defiance’ means source 1
Russia also feared the growing German threat and sought to ally itself with Great Britain, France, and even Germany itself for protection. The British, for their part, tried hard to remain out of the conflict, but found that having the world's most powerful navy made that impossible. Rebellious provinces within the Austro-Hungarian Empire made central Europe extremely unstable, and the leaders of the Ottoman Empire in the Near East sought to expand their power. Historians have generally noted that the European powers had managed to avoid war for so long, that when it did
The war between the two countries could not be contained to just them alone due to an alliance system that linked certain countries together by pledge to back each other in time of war. This caused a chain reaction forcing Russia, France, and Great Britain to go to war with Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy. During this time the United States remained neutral because they believed it was a European matter and we wanted to continue trading with those nations at war. The United States became less neutral in the war and more supportive of the allies side following several events with Germany. German U-boats sank British passenger liners killing Americans.
When Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated it set off the July Crisis, which were negotiation meetings to try to prevent war. Austria was outraged that their heir had been assassinated. Germany had promised their support to Austria if an event like this was to happen. Following the July Crisis, Austria delivered the July Ultimatum, which were 10 outrageous demands directed towards Serbia. When Serbia only met 8 of the 10 demands, Austria immediately declared war on Serbia.