Firstly, they were, under a ‘War Guilt’ clause, expected to accept all of the blame for the war. The Allies maintained that this was because they had, rather than fight Russia, on whom they had declared war, followed the Schlieffen Plan and opted to invade France first. To do this they marched through Belgium, which was a neutral country and not a part of any major alliances, leading to the British, Belgian and French declarations of war on Germany. The Germans felt that this was unfair because Britain could have kept out of the war as it was not being threatened – they felt that they were expected to accept the blame because they had lost, rather than because it was their fault. Secondly, all of Germany’s colonies were taken away, and Germany itself had its borders redefined.
Explain why Ernst Rohm came into conflict with Hitler Ernst Rohm came into conflict with Hitler for reasons which can be that Rohm felt hitler was moving to slow also that Rohm wanted to take control of the Army swell as the SA and finally Rohm felt that hitler was bringing in to many foreign enforcements. Rohm wanted to increase the speed at which Hitler was continuing with the revolution of the nazi party. This was because he could see what he thought was great chances to make an impact on Germany as a party and that he was just being held back by Hitler, that Hitler was doing nothing but wasting time as Rohm thought that Hitler felt that the power that he had at the time was okay and Rohm wanted more and quick instead of waiting for hitler to do what he wanted and when he wanted it to be done. In Rohm’s words Hitler was ‘playing God’. As a result of this Hitler very strongly disagreed with this idea that Rohm had come up with, so therefore argued that time is what he needed also that if the revolution moved to fast something could go wrong, such as the German population could start to panic about who was in power also what they were using it for and possibly revolt loosing votes and the support that they desperately need ruining the whole campaign and possibly party.
But the rising power of Germany and the Kaiser’s personality wasn’t a reason for accusing Germany of starting the war. The rising power of Germany was due to the case that they where the second country in the world with economical power and they also wanted overseas colonies. And lets think who started the war, was it Germany? No, it was Serbia who started the war when a Serbian terrorist killed Franz Ferdinand. Off course Austria Hungary had to defend itself so they attacked Serbia and Germany, as a good ally supported Austria Hungary as the Triple Entente supported Serbia so why are we blaming Germany for the outbreak
The Nazis felt like this political group was trying to undermine their “people’s community”. Hitler made it very clear that he did not want the communists in his people community when he and the Nazi party realised their 25 point programme of 1920.However the Nazis also portrayed the socialist and any other party of which had taken part in coalition governments during the Weimar republic as they collaborated with communism and Jewish democracy. Hitler wanted to introduce the policy of volksgeminschaft in this case because if he could eliminate the communists and the other parties who were associated as collaborating with them, the Nazis could then get their votes as they had a high amount of supporters, which would mean them having the majority and coming into power. Anybody who the Nazis believed that represented a threat to the racial purity of which Hitler wanted would come under the socialism categories. This included, Jews, gypsies and those who were seen as mentally or physically unfit.
Both events were a large threat to peace, The Sudetenland crisis began in 1938 Hitler demanded that Czechoslovakia handed over the Sudetenland so that he could achieve his foreign policy aim to unite German speaking people. This incident threatened peace because Hitler threatened war unless Czechoslovakia handed over Sudetenland and because Czechoslovakia had defence agreements with Russia and France they would have gotten involved also this was a threat to peace because people living in the Sudetenland wanted to be a part of Germany so this could have protests and riots as Czechoslovakia didn’t want to hand over the Sudetenland. This would have been dangerous as most of Czechoslovakia’s military industries were in the Sudetenland so they would not have been able to defend themselves. However this crisis was resolved as the Munich agreement was organised to bring peace. The Nazi soviet pact which was signed on the 23rd of august 1939 as a non-aggression pact although was also a threat to peace, after the invasion of Czechoslovakia Hitler signed this pact with Stalin in which they agreed not to go to war with each other, within the pact they also secretly agreed to invade Poland and divide it.
There are two reasons as to why Hitler would not go to war with Germany. One would be that Hitler has violated the Treaty of Versailles and had worked very hard to make Germany strong again. He would not want to waste his resources by going to war with the West. The west was also already threatened and was more concerned with self-interest. For example, the British claimed that Germany was only marching into its own backyard when the remilitarization of Rhineland and did not support France.
In the crisis, people wanted someone to blame, and looked to extreme solutions - Hitler offered them both, and Nazi success in the elections grew. The Germans turned to the Nazi’s because they were desperate. To Hitler, this depression was like a gift because for every problem the Nazi Party had come up with an explanation or promise. These included; promise to get rid of the hated Weimar government and replace it with a strong leader-Hitler, a promise to get people back to work on road building and public works. In a time of chaos (the depression) people chose to support Hitler because of his discipline and his promises he inflicted on the German general public.
It is futile nonsense for the rest of the world to pretend today that I did not reveal this program until 1933 or 1935 or 1937. Instead of listening to foolish chatter, these gentlemen would have been wiser to read what I have written thousands of times.” - Hitler, talking on 15 March 1939 One of Hitler’s main aims was to abolish the Treaty of Versailles imposed on Germany after her defeat in World War I. Hitler felt the Treaty was unfair, and most Germans supported this view. This was already expected as Hitler wrote “Mein Kampf” explaining his aims, “Hitler's foreign policy should not have been a surprise to students of Mein Kampf” -Despatch 3165 from the American Embassy in Berlin, 24 December 1936. There were various reasons why he wanted to abolish the treaty as they all stopped him from achieving his primary aim. Some of the things about the treaty that Hitler hated were tiny armed forces, the Saar was under League of Nations control, the Rhineland was demilitarised, Anschluss with Austria was forbidden, Germans were obliged to leave in Czechoslovakia and Poland and finally Danzig was under League of Nations control.
Chamberlain’s policy of appeasement also played a part in the causing war to break out. By letting Hitler do as he pleases in hopes that he would be satisfied at some point and stop, it caused Hitler to think that no one would dare to stop and oppose him and that he was free to do whatever he liked. By giving the Sudetenland to Germany, Stalin signed the pact with Hitler because he thought that Britain and France couldn’t be trusted and that they didn’t have the ability to keep their promises. The pact, in effect, gave Hitler the
Now it was clear that Hitler could not be trusted and unlike Studenland, the rest of Czech was never part of Germany before thee war, so this was clearly an invasion. Britain and France told Hitler they would declare war on him if he invaded Poland. * Stalin had been worried about Germany all along cause he read about Hitler’s plans about taking over the east of Europe, he also knew Britain and France would not stand in his way cause they supported his idea of anti communism. So instead he went to Hitler and they agreed on ‘The Nazi Soviet pact’ which was that Hitler would not invade Russia and Poland can be divided in 2 between them. Stalin wanted the east, to take over the Baltic states and he knew that Hitler would not keep his word but he had hoped that the agreement would give him time to build up his forces.