The nursing theory that will be discussed in this paper is the Interpersonal Relations theory, created by Hildegard E. Peplau. Hildegard E. Peplau is a woman of many credentials (Rust, 2004). Her work, Interpersonal Relations in Nursing, has been identified as one of the first published nursing theories (Johnson & Webber, 2005). Before Peplau created Interpersonal Relations in Nursing, she devoted her life to working in private practice and hospital nursing (George, 2002). Peplau was also involved in nursing research, and teaching; this, combined with years of practice in psychiatric
APNs can facilitate the ability to practice both the art and science of nursing and reduce the chasm between theory and practice by using nursing theory as a foundation. According to Chism, nursing theory is made up of ideas brought together by associated expressions that characterize, clarify, and foretell phenomenon that are in accordance with nursing viewpoints (Chism, 2013). Nursing theory helps to identify what should shape the foundation of practice by clearly describing nursing. It is essential the APN use nursing theory in evidence-based practice, to provide better patient care, improve communication between nurses, and as a guide for nursing research and education. In addition, because the main champion of nursing, caring, cannot be quantified, it is crucial to have a theory to examine and spell out what the APN does.
Theoretical Basis: Watson's Theory of Human Caring An advanced practice nurse (APN) to help guide professional practice and provide a working framework can use many different theories and models. Theories provide a foundation in which an APN can seek to understand patients and their problems and effectively plan interventions. Basing our practice on a particular theory can help improve the care we provide by not only providing structure but also providing boundaries and goals for our nursing actions and it defines a framework to evaluate the effectiveness of the actions we provide (Eldridge, 2014). This paper is going to review Watson’s theory of human caring and provide a description of the interrelated concepts for the grand nursing theory. The theorist’s background and perspectives will be explained and lastly the theory will be discussed as to how it can serve as an underpinning and improve nursing practice.
Examine the research base for one aspect of nursing care and compare and contrast the recommendations found with the practice observed during your clinical placement. The overall aim of this essay is to explore an aspect of evidence based or best practice and compare the findings witnessed in a nursing environment. Conclusions will then be drawn from this process and recommendations made for proposed changes to practice where necessary. The Nursing and Midwifery Council state in The Code (NMC 2008a) that care must be delivered on the best available evidence or best practice. Research is the systematic investigation into and study of materials and sources in order to establish facts and reach new conclusions (Oxford Dictionary 2011).
Concept Comparison and Analysis across Theories Lori Hamilton NUR/513 October 14, 2013 Georgia Swank Concept Comparison and Analysis across Theories As a profession, nursing theorists have come up with different theories that support and guide nursing practice. This paper will discuss the role of nursing in both Virginia Henderson’s Need Theory and Dorothea Orem’s Self Care Theory. The premise of each theory is the nurse will care for the patient until the patient can care for his or her self. By comparing and analyzing each theory, one will be able to get a better understanding of how to best apply the nursing theory in practice. In both, Henderson’s Need Theory and Orem’s Self Care Theory, the ‘role of nursing’ is the core concept.
Watson’s Theories of Human Caring NUR /403Theories and Models of Nursing Practice Priscilla Ricardo Introduction. Watson defined therapeutic nurse-patient relationship as, “ Nurse’s are expected to portray and act professionally, legally and ethically in order to established an effective nurse-client relationship. The significance of an effective nurse patient’s relationship is critical to maintenance, promotion and recovery of patients in every aspect of life. It is central to meeting the patients care needs and therefore communication between the nurse and patients is the foundation on which this relationship is built. The techniques to establish a warm and mutual nurse-client relationship are vital to understand and needless to say important in practice in order to come up with healthy and quality outcome for the patient as well as the nurse.
In the relationship the nurse needs to have the ability to connect with another human being, ability to assess the patient’s current status and address the needs they have, and being sensitive to the patient’s needs. The next part of her theory is the carative factors. These factors were to be like a map to guide you in your nursing practice rather than a checklist that needs to be complete in order to fully practice Watson’s theory. 1. Forming a system of values in which you will show through kindness and caring to the patient.
In this paper I will discuss the importance of a framework of praxis, it’s application to the APN, what influences the framework and employing the framework into context. Praxis Overview Praxis has been defined in a number of ways for different disciplines. For the discipline of nursing it has been described as the art of the coming together of science and practice and linking practice and theory (Kilpatrick, 2008). Praxis can arise at an individual or a group level. At the individual level it is recognizing and reflecting on an issue that restricts one’s abilities and experiences, then taking action to change the issue for themselves and others affected (Chinn & Kramer, 2011).
Nursing Theorist Grid Use grid below to complete the Week 4-Nursing Theorists assignment. Please see the “Nursing Theorists’ Grading Criteria” document, located on the Materials page of the student Web site. Name: kisha Theorist Selected: Dorothea Orem Description of Theory: According to Somchit, (1989), Orem’s theory, “Focuses on self-care needs of the patient and is a deliberate action of the nurse who views patients in terms of their self-care capacity. Orem has specified the relationship of her concepts into a set of theories that are interrelated in nursing: theory of self-care deficit, theory of self- care, and theory of nursing systems. With Orem’s theory the focus of nursing is the individual, more specifically the individual’s self-care requisites.
According to Rolfe (1993), nursing praxis is the “bringing together of theory and practice which involves a continual process of hypothesizing and testing out new ideas, and modifying practice according to the results” (p. 176). In contrast, according to Kilpatrick (2008), the main objective of praxis is to “integrate theory, practice and art, and facilitate the recognition and valuing of different types of knowledge through reflection” (p.116). This nursing scholar maintains that praxis is a combination of both theories. The integration of theory and practice lead to a continuous cycle of reflection that guides and modifies nursing practice. Nursing praxis can be utilized to develop nursing knowledge.