Wundt’s structuralism approach wanted to recognize the building blocks, or the structure, of the psychological functioning. Structuralism focused on uncovering the fundamental mental components of perception, consciousness, thinking, emotions, and other kinds of mental states and activities. In addition, structuralism relied on the method called introspection, which was utilized by Wundt and colleagues like student Edward Titchener. Introspection is the process used to explore human mental function as they complete assorted tasks. These psychologists’ primary interest lied in how individuals processed sensory stimuli.
In a general concept there are about six main concepts within abnormal psychology and they include: 1.) the importance of context in defining and understanding abnormal behavior; 2.) the continuum between normal and abnormal behavior; 3.) cultural and historical relativism in defining and classifying abnormality; 4.) the advantages and limitations of diagnosis; 5.)
Psychoanalytic Personality Assessment TaWonnia Jackson PSY250 September 6, 2012 Loretta Harris Psychoanalytic Personality Assessment The following statements discussed will analyze the components of the psychoanalytic approach to personality. The theories of Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, and Alfred Adler are compared and contrasted by research found. There will be characteristics of two theories along with descriptions of the stages to Freud’s theory, and characteristics along with Freudian's defense mechanisms. Each theorist’s had their own unique way of developing their very own theory. Sigmund Freud's theory is the psychoanalytic theory unique to a certain point and which it has developed formal models describing the ways in which individuals process information on different levels (Bornstein, 2010).
A psychologist by the name of Gordon Allport once stated that social psychology is a field that utilizes scientific methods "to understand and explain how the thought, feeling and behavior of individuals are influenced by the actual, imagined or implied presence of other human beings." ( ) Social psychology’s main emphasis is how human beings interact with the world and everything within the world. Social psychology tends to be put up next to sociology; however the two take a look at individuals in two different lights. Sociology looks at the broader version of people and their environment where as a social psychologist looks at the individual reactions to a particular situation in an environment. Social psychologists wonder why people behave the way that they do as do most psychologists, but the main difference between social psychology and other practices of psychology is that social psychologists focus on individual as appose to a group dynamic.
In cultural psychology the mental processes are compared with the society and the individual who has grown up in that society. Comparatively, cross-cultural psychologists systematically research behavior across cultures in different cultural situations (Shiraev & Levy, 2010). Critical Thinking Critical thinking in cross-cultural psychology is important because cross-cultural psychology is about identifying the similarities and differences in individuals and how they function in his or her culture. Critical thinking is about making realistic, valid and reasonable evidence. Critical thinking is described as maintaining an attitude that is open=minded and doubtful (Shiraev & Levy, 2010).
Treatments and Therapies 1.1 Evaluate three approaches to treating mental disorders. Abnormal psychology is a branch of psychology that deals with psychopathology and abnormal behavior. The term covers a broad range of disorders, from depression to obsession-compulsion to sexual deviation. Counselors, clinical psychologists and psychotherapists often work directly in this field in order to understand abnormal psychology. There are several methods used by psychologists to treat mental disorders, I shall be outlining three of those in this essay, namely the psychoanalysis, biological therapies and the behavioural methods respectively.
What follows is an outline of Freud’s theory of psychodynamics, and a description of the biological perspective on personality. Next appears an investigation of the similarities and differences between these theories and their implications. These two
Psychology Assignment One Task 1 – Define the study of Psychology Psychology is a scientific discipline and is the study of the mind and mental processes, especially in relation to behaviour. Psychologists observe and record how people and other animals relate to one another and to the environment around them. They look to identify patterns that will help them understand and predict behaviour, and they use scientific methods to test their ideas. There are a number of fields of psychology which include: • Clinical psychology, which is concerned with diagnosing and treating disorders of the brain, emotional disturbances, and behaviour problems. • Child psychology, which is the study of the mental and emotional development of children and is part of developmental psychology, the study of changes in behaviour that occur through the life span.
Communicating in Health and Social Care Organisations 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4 Jordan Miller Contents Pg. 3 Apply relevant theories of communication to health and social care contexts. Pg. 7 Use communication skills in a health and social care context. Pg.9 Review methods of dealing with inappropriate interpersonal communication between individuals in health and social care settings.
Allport, in an attempt to define social psychology said it scientifically tried to explain the cognitions of the individual (for example behaviours) and how they are “influenced by the actual, imagined or implied presence of human beings” (Allport, 1954). In this essay I intend to start with writing about a few different social psychologists and a couple of famous studies to give a bit of background, before the crisis in social psychology. I then aim to develop this into showing what brought about the crisis - its contributions; I will address the various critiques of early experimental social psychology. After the contributions I will write about what happen after the “crisis” and assess if it had a big outcome on the discipline of social psychology. Social psychology has in roots in the beginning of the 20th century in America.