Unit 8 Psychology Health and Social Care Level 3

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Unit 8 Psychology P1- Explain the principle psychological perspectives. P2- Explain different psychological approaches to health practice. P3- Explain different psychological approaches to social care practice. M1- Assess different psychological approaches to study, consider how well the different approaches explain behaviour. M2- Compare two psychological approaches to health and social care service provision. D1- Evaluate two psychological approaches to health and social care service provision. Make an informal judgement on which aspects of each perspective are most or least useful, justifying your conclusions. P1- Psychology is the scientific study of the behaviour of individuals and their mental processes. In the study of psychology there are six perspectives which each interpret there own idea of the study of psychology and how behaviour is performed as a result. At the start of psychology it is explained that each perspective’s idea of behaviour is mainly based on a set of beliefs or ideas. The six perspectives are: •Behaviourist •Psychodynamic •Cognitive •Humanistic •Biological •Social learning The Behaviourist Perspective. The first perspective is the behaviourist perspective which looks at the idea of all behaviour being learnt, the perspective says that behaviour could be learnt through two different processes, these processes are operant and classical conditioning. The two main psychologists involved in the behaviourist approach to psychology were, Ivan Pavlov who studied classical conditioning and Frederic Skinner who looked at operant conditioning. Although the two psychologists looked and explained the
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