Describe and Evaluate the Behaviourist Approach

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Describe and evaluate the behaviourist approach in psychology Psychology is the study of the human mind its functions, behaviours and the mental characteristics of a person or a group of people. Psychology looks at human behaviour in six approaches, each one has its own idea or perspective on how behaviour is applied or learnt from the environment. The Psychodynamic approach looks at the behaviour in childhood and the environment they were brought up in and applies it to any adult problems, it accounts behaviour in the form of the conscious, pre-conscious and the unconscious mind. The Biological approach takes more of a scientific view on the human mind and views all human behaviour as a result of inherited genes and evolution as well as biological processes in the body, such as brains and chemical imbalances. Humanistic psychology looks at positive realisation, it states that everyone is different and that those differences are good as it makes people have different views. The humanistic approach sets out a hierarchy of needs which everyone work to achieve the goal of being a fully functioning person. The Cognitive view of psychology tries to understand the internal mental processes of an individual, associates brains with computers in the sense that we process information and produce an outcome from the stimulus as we process and give an output on the data we have encoded. The social learning theory depicts people as copying behaviour of others when that behaviour is observed to being rewarding for that person. The psychological approach believes human behaviour as determined by reinforcement and punishment contingencies in the environment. As well as the different approaches Key debates help in describing the similarities and differences in the way humans, or animals, are studied and evaluated in psychology. (Pennington & McLoughlin, 2012) The main
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