Muscle damage or weakness Incontinence can be caused by injury to the ring-like sphincter muscles at the end of the rectum. The sphincter muscles normally stay tightly closed and keep stool in the rectum. If weakened by injury or disease, stool can leak out. In women, for example, the damage may happen as a result of complicated childbirth. Hemorrhoid surgery and other anal surgeries can also damage the sphincter muscles.
Sufferers of Parkinson's disease may experience limb rigity that can afect normal movement and positionoing. When assisting people to find a comfortable position, either in bed or a chair, be careful not to foce the rigid limb further than it is able to, as this could damage
· · · · · · 1.4 Describe how incorrect handling and moving techniques can damage the skin. 1.5 Identify a range of interventions the can reduce the risk of skin breakdown and pressure sores. · · · · · · 1.6 Describe changes to an individuals skin condition that should be reported. Outcome 2 Undertsnad good practice in relation to own role when undertaking pressure area care. 2.1 Identify legislation and national guidelines affecting pressure area care.
Each layer has its own function and importance in maintaining the integrity of the skin and thereby the whole body structure. Pressure sores are the result of a constant deficiency of blood to the tissues of a bony area such as a heel which might have been in contact with the bed over an extended period of time. Pressure sites of the body: Lower back (sacrum) Heels Shoulders Elbows Hip bone areas Ankle Back of head Factors which might put an individual at risk of skin breakdown and pressure sores: Elderly people have very loose, papery skin which is prone to friction Those with reduced mobility; if you do not move often enough, pressure sores begin to form Those with sensory impairment will not feel pain or discomfort so may be unaware of formation of pressure sores Reduced level of consciousness Incontinence Poor nutrition and hydration UH VENTURES LTD/EXEMPLAS EVIDENCE RECORD FORM Previous pressure damage Acute, chronic or terminal illness. Pressure sores are commonly caused by friction or tearing. Poorly adjusted mobility aids lead to friction.
The surface of the skin can ulcerate which may become infected. Eventually subcutaneous and deeper tissues are damaged. Besides the heel, other areas commonly involved are the skin over the buttocks, sacrum, ankles hips and other bony sites of the body. There are 4 stages in relation to the skin breaking down which causes pressure sores, it’s important that the correct staging is done because this
3. How does damage to the PNS affect the body? c. Some may experience temporary numbness, tingling, and pricking sensations, sensitivity to touch, or muscle weakness. Pthers may suffer from more extreme symptoms including, burning pain, muscle wasting, paralysis, or organ or gland dysfunction, people may become unable to digest food easily, maintain safe levels of blood pressure, sweat normally, or experience normal sexual function. In the most extreme cases, breathing may become difficult or organ failure may occur.
There may be limited movement or maybe very painful. The person may limp or be unable to bear weight. Tendon or the sheath around a tendon becomes inflamed and the sufferer gets a excruciating pain. There is a build up of excessive fluid in the synovium (membrane in the knee capsule). This may also indicate towards an underlying condition.
Cuts and Bruises – Cuts and bruises may occur while in the vehicle such as bumping legs and arms on chairs and door if the resident is a bit unbalanced and while going to the toilets on doors. Asthma attacks – asthma attacks may occur due to different surroundings, different foods, smells, dry wind and cold air these things could always be a problem. Aii: What procedure you should take if any of the above happen? Travel Sickness – If someone is suffering from travel sickness then you should have a sick bucket or sick bag in reach and lots of fresh air, if they are already aware they suffer then we could apply medicated skin patches or motion sickness wrist bands. Falls – If an individual falls you should act quickly to assess the situation and cheek them for any serious damage.
If a patient is unable to move and patient care staff does not turn or shift the patient's weight throughout their shifts, the pressure of the surface can block the flow of oxygen and blood underneath the tissues. Once the cells of the skin are deprived of these essentials, these cells will get damaged and may eventually die. This type of pressure occur in body areas that are not well-padded with muscles or fats and just lies over the bone,
Other risks from lupus are infections, cancer, bone tissue death, and pregnancy complications. Bone tissue death occurs when the blood supply of a bone reduces causing tiny breaks in the bone and eventually the bone collapses. The hip joint is the most commonly affected bone. People with lupus are more vulnerable to infections because the disease and treatments weaken the immune system. Some treatments for lupus are NSAIDs, antimalarial drugs, corticosteroids, and immune suppressants.