Serious complications, such as osteomyelitis (infection of the bone) or sepsis (infection carried through the blood) can occur. Identify pressure sites of the body Lower back, buttocks, shoulders and hips, knees, heels and ankles and on any bony protruding areas Identify factors which might put an individual at risk of skin breakdown and pressure sores |Mobility problems, poor nutrition, age incontinence, mental health issues, medications, shearing, poor handling, poor hygiene,| |circulation, swelling physical health can all be factors. | Describe the how incorrect handling and moving techniques can damage the
Undertake Agreed Pressure Area Care. Describe the anatomy and physiology of the skin in relation to skin breakdown and the development of pressure sores. The skin consists of the epidermis or first skin layer and the dermis or second skin layer, these cover the subcutaneous fat, muscle and bone. When dealing with pressure sores there are 4 stages. In stage one the epidermis begins to die as lack blood, carrying oxygen and nutrients is cut off.
The patient will be under strict NPO, and an NG tube placed so that there can be suctioning. Some risk factors for a SBO are “Abdominal or pelvic surgery often causes adhesions a common intestinal obstruction. Crohns disease can cause the intestine's walls to thicken, narrowing the passageway. Cancer in your abdomen, especially if you've had surgery to remove an abdominal tumor or radiation therapy.” (2) Mechanical issues is when there is physically something to cause the obstruction, these would include: “Hernias, scar tissue left behind by operations (adhesions), gallstones, crohn’s disease (an in flammatory bowel condition), small bowel tumor, abnormal growth of tissue adjacent to the small bowel, folding in the wall of the intestine, twisted intestine (volvulus), foreign bodies (something that
By affecting the kidney, it may impair their ability to rid waste from their body. If the lungs are affected then chest pains may occur, especially while breathing. When the central nervous system is affected headaches, dizziness, memory disturbances, vision problems, seizures, strokes, and changes in behavior may appear. Depending on what part of the body is affected will determine the type of medical doctor you will need to see. Most people who have mild to moderate disease will be treated by a rheumatologist, who specializes in the diseases of joints and muscles.
Personal Impact Paper Living with Crohn’s disease is very challenging. This chronic condition causes inflammation of the bowel and digestive tract, and it can also affect the mouth, esophagus, and the stomach ("Crohn’s Disease Health Center", 2005-2014). Crohn’s can spread deep into surrounding infected tissues, causing agonizing pain, and can even be life-threatening. There are many symptoms for this disease, the most common being diarrhea. Other symptoms include, rectal bleeding, nausea and vomiting, weight loss, fatigue, skin problems, and malnutrition ("Life Expectancy of Crohn's Disease", 1999-2014).
Hidradenitis Suppurativa Hidradenitis Suppurativa is a chronic skin disease that relates to a condition of inflammation of the skin marked by redness, swelling, inflamed and painful tender bumps or a abscess that culminate in pus- like discharge that are difficult to heal once it breaks open and causes scarring . The most commonly occurs in the apocrine sweat gland, groin, underarms, under the breast, inner thigh, buttocks and the other parts of the body that are main locations for apocrine sweat gland. This can also occur in areas deep in the skin that contains oil or sebaceous glands and hair follicles. (Hidradenitis Suppurativa 1) Symptoms of Hidradenitis Suppurativa are not very to spot at first because they look like a regular zit or acne. The first symptom are blackheads then the form into red tender bumps the third step is painful, pea-size bumps and finally leaking bumps or sores.
2. - Identify pressure sites of the body. The areas on the body that are at risk of developing pressure ulcers are the place in direct contacted with a supporting surface, such are a bed or wheelchair. The areas are: ➢ Shoulders or shoulder blades ➢ Elbows ➢ Back of head ➢ Rimes of ears ➢ Knees, ankles, heels or toes ➢ Spine ➢ Tail bone (small bone at bottom of the spine) 3. - Identify factors which might put an individual at risk of skin breakdown and pressure sores.
For example, tailored moving and handling procedures maybe needed for individuals with: • Bone or joint conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis where the joints become inflamed and painful. Osteoarthritis is where the cartilage of the joints becomes worn, stiff and painful. And osteoporosis, in which the bone density is reduced increasing the risk of fractures. • A physical disability that affects the movement and mobility of an individual, such as muscular dystrophy, amputation, stroke, multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy and epilepsy. • Individuals we support may also require health care attachments such as, PEG feeding tubes, catheter or oxygen therapy.
MG causes chewing and swallowing to be difficult, also the nasal bone because aspiration can happen in more severe cases. The Appendicular skeletal area is also affected because the arms and legs are involved because of the muscle weakness. All in all, one can say any part of the skeletal system can be
Since these are not normal vessels, the blood vessels often leak blood or other fluid into the tissue of the macula, forming blisters and cysts of fluid that damage the retina. The first symptoms of wet macular degeneration are often when straight lines look wavy or the middle of the vision is blurry. This can be scary for someone so seeing the nearest eye doctor is always best when this happens. Being diagnosed with wet AMD early on is good because one is able to prevent it from getting