Unit 229 Essay

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[pic]Knowledge Questions Unit 229: Undertake agreed pressure area care Learner name: Enrolment No: |Relates to Unit 229 Outcome 1 – Understand the anatomy and physiology of the skin in relation to pressure area care | Describe the anatomy and physiology of the skin in relation to skin breakdown and the development of pressure sores There are 4 stages in relation to the skin breaking down which causes pressure sores, it’s important that the correct staging is done because this determines the sort of medical treatment an individual may require. STAGE 1 Skin may appear reddened like a bruise. The integrity of the skin remains intact-there are no breaks or tears, but the area is at high risk of further breakdown. STAGE 2 Skin breaks open, wears away and forms an ulcer. STAGE 3 The sore worsens and extends beneath the skin surface, forming a small crater. There may be no pain at this stage due to nerve damage. The risk of tissue death and infection are high. STAGE 4 Pressure sores progress, with extensive damage to deeper tissues (muscles, tendons and bones). Serious complications, such as osteomyelitis (infection of the bone) or sepsis (infection carried through the blood) can occur. Identify pressure sites of the body Lower back, buttocks, shoulders and hips, knees, heels and ankles and on any bony protruding areas Identify factors which might put an individual at risk of skin breakdown and pressure sores |Mobility problems, poor nutrition, age incontinence, mental health issues, medications, shearing, poor handling, poor hygiene,| |circulation, swelling physical health can all be factors. | Describe the how incorrect handling and moving techniques can damage the

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