Bowel Obstruction A bowel obstruction happens when either your small or large intestine is partly or completely blocked. The blockage prevents food, fluids, and gas from moving through the intestines in the normal way, the blockage may cause severe pain that comes and goes. Bowel obstruction covers a blockage caused by tumors, scar tissue, or twisting or narrowing of the intestines. It does not cover ileus, which most commonly happens after surgery on the belly (abdominal surgery). Tumors, scar tissue (adhesions), or twisting or narrowing of the intestines can cause a bowel obstruction.
Erica Douglas 1st 2nd period * Dysphagia means having difficulty in swallowing and can even experience pain while swallowing. Some people might be completely unable to swallow or could have trouble safely swallowing liquids, foods, or saliva. When that happens, eating becomes a harder. Dysphagia makes it difficult to take in enough calories and fluids to nourish the body and can lead to additional serious medical problems. Dysphagia happens when there is a problem with the neural control or the structures involved in any part of your swallowing process.
This topic covers a blockage caused by tumors, scar tissue, or twisting or narrowing of the intestines. It does not cover ileus, which most commonly happens after surgery on the belly (abdominal surgery). What causes a bowel obstruction? Tumors, scar tissue (adhesions), or twisting or narrowing of the intestines can cause a bowel obstruction. These are called mechanical obstructions .
Bile ducts carry bile from the liver to the gallbladder, and bile is what helps to digest fats.These bile ducts may be limited and tight, so the bile gets trapped and will build up inside the bile ducts which prevent the liver from working to its best ability (1,3). When this happens, the liver will not function properly to get rid of the wastes in the bloodstream. Heart: A heart murmur is the most common sign of Alagille syndrome other than liver disease. (1,2) [pic] Face: Many children with Alagille syndrome have deep-set eyes; a straight nose; a small, pointed chin; and a prominent, wide forehead. (1,2) [pic] On chromosome 20, in the region 20p12, it includes the JAG1 gene which signals neighbouring cells during the embryonic
Gastroparesis is usually caused by damage to the vagus nerve which regulates stomach function, but can also be caused by other factors.1.2 Gastroparesis causes many irritating symptoms. Diagnostic exams and treatments exist to diagnose and treat the symptoms of the disorder, but no cure is yet available. The vagus nerve, which is responsible for many sensory and motor responses of the intestine, can be damaged due to esophageal or gastric surgery. 1,2 The vagus nerve sends neurotransmitter impulses to the smooth muscle of the stomach that result in contraction and forward propulsion of gastric contents. If the vagus nerve is injured during surgery, gastric emptying may not occur.
Mechanical obstructions occur as a function of the body itself. Tumors and scar tissue can form from previous surgeries or cancers. Hernias, Crohn's disease, diverticulitis, inflammatory bowel disease and severe constipation can cause the intestine to twist and narrow into a complete obstruction. Blockages can also occur when the intestine creates an intussusception; a telescoping formation. Anyone with a disease of the lower digestive tract is susceptible to the possibility of obstruction of the large bowel.
Damage to the cerebellum seems to affect procedural learning such as touch typing. Damage can also result in a continuous muscle tension and muscles that are resistant to stretching, a very painful condition. The cerebellum can be damaged by certain toxins (many anticonvulsant medications are cerebellar toxins), antibodies produced by tumors in other parts of the body, strokes, multiple sclerosis, tumors, cerebellar degeneration, underdevelopment or displacement such as that caused by Arnold-Chiari malformation whereby the cerebellum extends into the spinal cavity at the brainstem in varying degrees of severity. Arnold-Chiari malformation can cause severe headaches. Medical names for these conditions are listed as the following.
There are several different forms of muscular dystrophy, each of which weakens different muscle groups in various ways. The first type is Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy, the most common type of the disease, is caused by a problem with the gene that makes the protein, dystropin. The second type is Becker Muscular Dystrophy, which is similar to Duchenne’s, but it’s symptoms like muscle breakdown and weakness occur at age 10 or even as an adult. The third type is Emery-Driefuss Muscular Dystrophy which affects mostly boys, involves joint problems in muscles, upper arms, and shins. There are also many other types, but these are the most common.
Sometimes the light and smells could have an effect on this disorder but the reasons why are still not known. This has started a series of chemical changes that irritate the pain sensing nerves around the head and causing the blood vessels to expand and leak chemicals which further irritate the nerves (1996-2012). It is stated that migraine runs throughout the families due to their genes. The number one trigger is hormonal changes. Two-thirds of women sufferers only get their headaches around the time of their period.
The symptoms of the retinopathy condition include pain in the eyes, floating spots, double vision, flashing lights and rings (Patlak, 2002, p. 24). Researchers approximates that “between 12,000 and 24,000 diabetic patients lose their sight due to retinopathy” (American Diabetes Association, 2005, p. 47). Diabetes is indeed a major cause of blindness. In particular, diabetes causes three eye problems, which include Glaucoma, Retinopathy and Cataracts. Cataracts occur at the early stages of the diabetes.