Hospital Acquired Infections Essay

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The purpose of this paper is to make us aware that even in hospitals, there are things that we still should be taking care of. We call it hospital monsters like in horror movies where an alien starts to take over human bodies. These hospital monsters are what medical people call “Hospital Acquired Infections” and they are part of what we call “Never Events”. What are Hospital Acquired Infections and Never Events? Hospital Acquired Infections (HAI) is defined as infections not present and without evidence of incubation at the time of admission to a healthcare setting (Medscape, January 5, 2012). During admission, the patient’s flora begins to acquire characteristics of the surrounding bacterial pool. Infections that become clinically evident after 48 hours of hospitalization are considered hospital-acquired. A “Never Event” is a particular shocking medical error that should never occur, and a hospital-acquired infection is a part of it. Incidence of a Never Event An example of a Never Event is when a patient acquired an HAI. In this case we can use the most common HAI which is the Pressure Ulcer. Based on Susan and Diana's study (as cited in Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development) pressure ulcers are lesions caused by unrelieved pressure, resulting in damage to the underlying tissue and usually occurs in bony prominences. Causes of Pressure Ulcers One famous cause of a pressure ulcer is patient immobility. If a patient is unable to move and patient care staff does not turn or shift the patient's weight throughout their shifts, the pressure of the surface can block the flow of oxygen and blood underneath the tissues. Once the cells of the skin are deprived of these essentials, these cells will get damaged and may eventually die. This type of pressure occur in body areas that are not well-padded with muscles or fats and just lies over the bone,

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