Unit 1: Explore It 1.1 Historical Exploration

1194 Words5 Pages
In the 1960’s, computer technology began to transform our social, economic, and governmental infrastructures. Data, formerly transcribed or maintained primarily in paper form, were instead being captured electronically as binary digits understandable to computers. This process is called digitization. The computers used at the time where called mainframes. They were very large and very expensive and used proprietary architectures that did not support cross-platform communications. Therefore the majority of them were bought by businesses because they could afford the payment to the proprietor. If you made the software for a particular mainframe computer company, then you as far as career wise you’re set because only your software will work with the mainframe produced by your company. This is called closed architecture technology. They did this to prevent competing technologies from directly interfacing or interact with each other. As technology improved by the 1970's, and as the importance of computer technology became apparent, especially to the business world, solutions wee pursued that would enable computers to more efficiently communicate and share information with each other. During this time the microprocessor became commercially available. Also packet-switching networks, first created in the 1980s, began to be extensively deployed and implemented. The development of packet-switching technologies was the solution to this problem. Packet-switching networks, in turn, because of their ability to more efficiently transport digitized data, ignited the growth of extensive data communications networks. Dataphone Digital Service (DDS) started deployment in 1974, bringing digital transmission facilities to the customer's premise. DDS circuit deployment also accelerated the conversion to digital networking within the Bell System began wide scale deployments at the end of

More about Unit 1: Explore It 1.1 Historical Exploration

Open Document