Unification Of China And Han Dynasty

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8-UNIFICATION OF CHINA This chapter explores the unification and expansion of China during the Qin and Han dynasties (221 B.C.E. to 220 C.E.). A rich tradition of the social and political philosophies of Confucians, Daoists, and Legalists was the foundation on which these and later dynasties rested. Some of the significant elements contributing to the unification of China in this period were: * The building of a centralized bureaucracy staffed with professionals educated in Confucian thought and values * A prosperous economy based on technological and industrial development and long-distance trade * The standardization of the written language NOTES: * In search of political and social order * Confucius (551-479 B.C.E.)…show more content…
* The later Han dynasty (25-220 C.E.) * Yellow Turban Uprising: revolt due to problems of land distribution * Collapse of the Han * Factions at court paralyzed the central government * Han empire dissolved; China was divided into regional kingdoms QUIZ: 1. In 99 B.C.E. the great historian of China, Sima Qian, suffered from castration because a. he was blamed for distorting history. b. he inflicted this pain on himself in order to be a eunuch. c. his view contradicted the emperor's judgment. d. he was a Legalist. e. none of the above. 2. Confucius left an enduring mark on Chinese society as a. an educator and political advisor. b. a man involved in the practice of statecraft as an ambitious official. c. a great traveler and writer of deep philosophical treatises. d. a powerful and wise emperor. e. none of the…show more content…
By junzi, or "superior individuals," Confucius meant a. wealthy men of the ruling elite. b. strong and brave warriors. c. individuals who withdraw from society and live in harmony with nature. d. well-educated and conscientious individuals to fill state offices. e. writers of important philosophical tracts. 4. Which of the following key Confucian concepts is incorrectly described? a. Ren: filial piety, or unconditional obligation to respect parents and grandparents. b. Li: a sense of propriety. c. Xiao: respecting and taking care of parents and grandparents when they are still alive and worshipping them after they have died. d. Junzi: people who don't let personal interest influence their judgments. e. All of the above are incorrect. 5. Mencius, the principal spokesman for the Confucian school, advocated that a. the evil nature of human beings could be improved by moral education. b. government should be organized through benevolence and humane action. c. government should be run by laws. d. people should strive to live in harmony with nature. e. all of the

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