Chinese And Roman Empire

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1. Compare and contrast the Roman and Chinese empires. Which do you find more striking their similarities or their differences? After hundreds of years fighting the Qin dynasty defeated everyone which unified north China and created first Chinese Empire. During this time China created political and cultural forms that would last a very long time even till this day. Though the unified reign of the Qin Emperor lasted only 12 years, he managed to subdue great parts of what constitutes the core of the Han Chinese homeland and to unite them under a tightly centralized Legalist government seated at Xianyang. The doctrine of Legalism that guided the Qin emphasized strict adherence to a legal code and the absolute power of the emperor. This philosophy, while effective for expanding the empire in a military fashion, proved unworkable for governing it in peacetime. The Qin Dynasty is well known for beginning the Great Wall of China. The other major contributions of the Qin include the concept of a centralized government, the unification of the legal code, development of the written language, measurement, and currency of China after the tribulations of the Spring and Autumn and Warring States Periods. The Han Dynasty emerged in 206 BC, with its founder Liu Bang proclaimed emperor in 202 BC. It was the first dynasty to embrace the philosophy of Confucianism, which became the ideological underpinning of all regimes until the end of imperial China. Under the Han Dynasty, China made great advances in many areas of the arts and sciences. Also started trading connections between China and the West, along the Silk Road. This time period has been greatly romanticized in works such as Romance of the Three Kingdoms. The Sui Dynasty, which managed to reunite the country in 589 after nearly four centuries of political fragmentation. China together again and set up many institutions that

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