There laws applied to everyone, they believed it created equality and strengthened the emperor’s power. Since the laws strengthened his power it also made a stronger central government. This was the purpose of law in governing a nation according to Han Fei. In order to achieve peace and prosperity legalist’s
He also worked with standardizing the Chinese system of script as he removed variant forms within the Qin script. The new script was made official throughout all the conquered regions, allowing China to form one language and communication system for all of China. With Qin Shi Huangdi’s amendments to Chinese monetary coinage, weights, measurement, and system of writing, he was able to standardise their various ways to one common structure, bringing unity to China as a whole as a successful ruler. Anything to do with Confucianism was a serious crime. Under Qin Shi Huangdi’s rule, many existing books were burnt.
During this time period, Chinese states were at war for control over the Zhou Dynasty, this led to Han Fei raising questions whether or not complying with Confucian ideals that state proper behavior could create a stable and peaceful society (Han, 1939). Both societies relied on harsh punishments to keep their community orderly. As stated by Han Fei, developing laws with unambiguous punishments and rewards was the one and only way to attain a powerful society. For example, “people caught opposing the government would instantly be disciplined by being burned alive, boiled to death in pots, or have their hands cut off.” These ideas were very similar to the ones stated in Hammurabi’s Code, “If a man breaks into a house,
The unpopularity of the Diem Regime was a factor which lead to the escalation of US involvement due to the Regime denying the people their rights. The Regime persecuted the Buddhist majority of 80%, even going as far as to ban Buddha's birthday, which clearly made Diem unpopular with a vast majority of the population of South Vietnam. The regime caused further resentment from the South Vietnamese people through forcibly relocating 70% of the peasant population under the 'strategic hamlet programme'. The programme was intended to lower the number of VC insurgents. This was completely unnecessary and ineffective as we know that many of the VC were in fact the peasants themselves.
The empires of the “Classical World” evolved techniques that helped control the advancing civilizations. Those techniques helped civilizations become unique and share many similarities and differences. The Roman Empire and Han China were two empires that progressed strongly through the “Classical World” and expanded their empire with the use of a strong administrative structure. The non-hereditary administration in both empires were controlled by emperors (known as a “Consul” in Rome) and a representation of the elite population through the Senate in Rome and the government officials in Han China that were chosen through an exam. Techniques of the both empires also grew through their military that defended the empires and conquered neighboring lands.
Food was in an excess shortage and production fell further. As a result Mao’s god like images had been reduced. Mao was extremely worried that he would be declared a tyrant and despot after his death like how Stalin was. Mao wanted to cement himself in history, boost his prestige while he was alive and preserve his ideas after his death. Mao had not been seen in public for several years so at the beginning of the Cultural Revolution, Mao swam in the Yangtze River for several hours.
Mao Zedong worked with the "Red Guards. The Red Guards were radical groups used to purify Chinese society of disorderly capitalist activists and enemies of the revolution. The Red Guards accused and brutalized their victims. There was constant turmoil and several people were severely punished or killed for disobedience to Zedong and his policies. Deng Xiaoping established “four modernizations” to help improve China as a society.
Violence was a feature of Communist rule in China; however this was not the only way they ruled over the years as they sometimes did what the people wanted. The Communist Government set out a series of reunification campaigns in which three different armies were dispatched West and South to Tibet, Xinjiang and Guangdong. In Tibet, the PLA were sent to wipe out all traces of Tibetan identity leading to many deaths. In Xinjiang and Guangdong, the PLA brought the provinces under their control using terror and violence to stop anyone that disagreed. This shows that violence was part of the Communist rule, and it was used in order to get their way.
In spite of this, the CCP managed to secure victory due to a combination of their strengths and their opposition’s shortcomings. A principal reason for the success of the CCP was due to their political competence, and the consequent trust this inspired in the people of China. Whilst the GMD had a reputation of unreliability and false promises, the CCP were trusted to implement their promised policies and correct any mistakes should they arise. Consequently, the people trusted the CCP when they stated that their utmost objective was to establish communism in China. Furthermore, their promise that there would be a place in their envisioned New Democratic society for peasants and proletariats, as well as capitalist and intellectuals, appealed to the population en masse.
Strikes by workers crippled some parts of the nation when the grain and livestock couldn’t reach the market place. Factories shut down due to lack of coal to power them. Unions that went on strike used violence as their way of protest, and federal troops had to be called in to quite the violence. At this time in history, the citizens were supporting the unions even if they were young in their infancy. However with all the riots and violence, they lost the support of the public In 1890, law after law was passed in the Republican Congress, massive spending towards grants and appropriations.