Qin Huang Di was an egocentric and brutal emperor that dictated all of china and outlawed all religion that wasn’t legalism. He forced labour to all peasants who were men and made criminals to work on the Great Wall of China. Workers who died on the job were used as materials for building the Great Wall of China. There was no special funeral for the person who died and nobody would care, like he says “a thousand may die so that a million may live. He highly disapproved all teachings of Confucianism and discarded most history before the Qin dynasty.
This had a massive impact on the country as it had successfully stopped civil and political unrest which had previously been threating the harmony of the country. As it had been seen as a progressive force on behalf of ordinary people it received strong support from peasants and workers alike throughout the country. It also proved to the country that Chiang was an able diplomat resulting in higher public support. Nevertheless they were unsuccessful in entirely removing the warlords which meant there was always a constant threat of the warlords reforming and taking power once more. Although there failure of completely vanquishing the warlords there can be little doubt that Chiang was fairly successful in solving this domestic problem and the effects it would have on the country as it is probably that without him stabilising the political and social unrest civil war would have broken out in the country much early than it did.
He ruled both these lands through a Chinese-styled government, a centralized government that relied on Legalist principles, and imposed Confucian values. Even though the Han dynasty forced their own values on the people they ruled, the outcome was that their
Referring to the talents of his generals, Gaozu says, “it was because I was able to make use of all of them that I gained possession of the world” (Watson, 76). Here, Gaozu explains that only by accepting the worth of his peers was he able to succeed in remedying the world’s immoralities. With his biography, Sima clearly illustrates Gaozu as a model of how to pull an empire out of an evil era and into one of morality and
During this time period, Chinese states were at war for control over the Zhou Dynasty, this led to Han Fei raising questions whether or not complying with Confucian ideals that state proper behavior could create a stable and peaceful society (Han, 1939). Both societies relied on harsh punishments to keep their community orderly. As stated by Han Fei, developing laws with unambiguous punishments and rewards was the one and only way to attain a powerful society. For example, “people caught opposing the government would instantly be disciplined by being burned alive, boiled to death in pots, or have their hands cut off.” These ideas were very similar to the ones stated in Hammurabi’s Code, “If a man breaks into a house,
He also worked with standardizing the Chinese system of script as he removed variant forms within the Qin script. The new script was made official throughout all the conquered regions, allowing China to form one language and communication system for all of China. With Qin Shi Huangdi’s amendments to Chinese monetary coinage, weights, measurement, and system of writing, he was able to standardise their various ways to one common structure, bringing unity to China as a whole as a successful ruler. Anything to do with Confucianism was a serious crime. Under Qin Shi Huangdi’s rule, many existing books were burnt.
Mao Zedong was one of the most infamous dictators of the 20th century. His life was twisted and moulded by hatred and disdain for the oppressive Nationalist government he lived under. He swiftly became one of the most evil men to have ruled over the East. His misanthropic ways and voracity for power led to the death of 60 million Chinese citizens from 1949 - 1976. Mao adapted Communist ideas to China and he followed in Joseph Stalin’s footsteps by abusing his power and crippling the Chinese in fear with his totalitarian rule.
In Rome and China their administrative techniques used, you can see when looking at the emperors and legislative bodies they had, that in China, the emperors where given the right to rule by the “Mandate of Heaven”(study guide)(pg.130) which made all populous of the empire obey the ruler with out much question, giving him the same obedience that children gave their fathers. (pg.131) In contrast, Roman Consuls were placed into power by either their family right or by appointment of the previous Consul. (pg.149) Conflict grew between those who were appointed by the previous Consul and with those who had the family right making choosing the next emperor very tricky and often caused chaos in the government until things could be resolved. (pg.154) The regions of China and Imperial Rome are similar in the way of the use of bureaucracy,(ch.4) but different through the use of belief systems and in the role of the emperor. Both the empire of Han China and Imperial Rome used a bureaucracy as the form of political control.
The Long March is considered an important event in Chinese history for many reasons. It was very important for the CCP and Red army because communism survived and they found a new base. This new base was remote enough for the GMD to be unable to attack it, and was also safe from attack by the Japanese. This helped to increase the CCP’s standing in China even further. Another key impact of the Long March was that Moa Zedong was re-established as the unchallenged leader of the CCP.
Stability and order is important for any country, especially in China. The historical institutional lessons made Chinese government more focus on the order and stability. stability is the sentiment of people, it representing the acceptance of what is being proposed. Order and stability are the pillar components to support the government, without order and stability, the government will collapse obvious. Deng Xiaoping(Deng) claimed that stability is the fundamental of any development in China.