Discussion: the First Emperor: Shi Huangdi Essay

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Shi Huang di Essay The legendary emperor Qin Shi Huangdi (259-210BC,) (birth name Yingzheng) was one of the most powerful kings in Chinese history. He succeeded the throne at the age of thirteen, taking up his father’s legality and made a goal to unify China. Shi huang di was born near the end of the Warring States in Chinese history, a time of battle and warfare. He was the first emperor of China and ruled for 11 years until he died in 210 BC at the age of 49. His father was named Zichu – the heir of the emperor Chin Shaodi and the son of Prince Chin'an'guo. Shi Huangdi was an intelligent leader who accomplished many feats in his life, and has had a profound influence on Chinese history and culture. However he was also a despotic emperor who was known well for his brutality and cruel punishments. But, do we really know the history of Shi Huang enough? Qin Shi Huang’s greatest achievement was unifying China. He ended the opposition among the independent kingdoms during the Warring States Period, unifying China, however to achieve unification he had to centralize power and standardize administration, law, language, and weights and measures which improved the economy. Supported by intelligent and inventive advisors, Yingzheng carried out a series of improvements to develop agriculture and the military, and he rose rapidly in that period. During his reign he accomplished settling internal rebellions, and, managed to unify the other six states. He led the Chinese State of Qin to conquer Han, Zhao, Yan, Wei, Chu and Qi. He changed his name to “Qin Shi Huang” and Qin Dynasty was created. "We wouldn't have a China without Qin Shi Huang," says Harvard University's Peter Bol. However, Qin Shi Huang’s attempt to unite China caused chaos and war as there were many who refused his order; he resorted to the most brutal strategies to force the states together. It took him ten

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