Unit 6 Understand child and young person’s development. 09.09.13 Review A child's development usually follows a known and predictable course. The acquisition of certain skills and abilities is often used to gauge such development. Children will reach milestones at certain ages throughout their development, if a child does not seem to be achieving these areas of development this may be a concern and an area that needs special attention. From birth to 19 years a child should achieve a number of significant development areas, these are determined by a sequence of development and the rate of development.
As they progress up to 12 months they will learn to watch movements of their own hands, they will be able to roll over, sit with support, sit without support, reach out for toys when sitting, and crawl or shuffle along the floor. By 12 months most babies will be able to stand alone, or walk by holding on this is known as cruising. Children will also start to show their preferred hand, they will pick up things from the floor with a pincer grip. Children will start to kick and throw balls, walk with thier parent holding their hand downstairs. In the second year most children will start to walk on their own, they will enjoy climbing on furniture, walking up and down the stairs.
Children will respond to adults in more advaced ways than priror to 6 months, they will raise their arms to be lifted by an adult, turn and look when their hear their name called, and lean against adults to reach a standing position. They can pat and poke objects and well as pass them from hand to hand, and will look for objects that have been hidden or dropped. Between one and two years a number of milestones are reached. Near the beggining of theis timeframe a child should be able to sit alone indeifintely and will begin to walk. Children of this age can wave goodbye, point or make noises to indicate wants or shake their head to indicate 'No'.
It is important to understand and remember that although children usually develop in the same sequence, the rate of their development can vary from child to child and will vary with regards to each child’s abilities, gender, race and needs. Here is the typical sequence and rate of development for children that would normally be expected. Physical Development 0-1 years old: The first year of a baby’s life is the most important for brain development and the impact that it will have on the children and their learning throughout their lives. During the first month of their lives, a baby will hold its head and in time they will bear weight and begin to roll over. By 6-9 months, the baby is able to sit unsupported and will then begin to pull themselves up into a standing position.
Unit 331 understand child and young person development. 1.1 Sequence and rate of development is all dependant on the individual child/young person, their physical, communication, intellectual and social development is crucial to understand in order to help them. 0 to 3 years old babies are new to this atmosphere they use small muscle movements such as reflexes, sucking, smiling and raising their hands. By 5 months they begin to roll over and shuffle, at 8 months they pull and push on toys/furniture/anything and everything to stand and then glide using the same method of transport. At this stage they are now becoming more curious and want to play with toys, teeth are beginning to sprout and they are now eating solids.
Physical development is usually very rapid early on in the child’s development. Within weeks of being born a baby will start to smile and respond to sounds and environments around them. By 6 months as their muscles begin to develop they will reach for and hold objects which they will also put into their mouths. By one year old they are beginning to crawl or shuffle, pulling or pushing on furniture to stand and then cruise using furniture or adult for support. Sitting has progressed to unaided and they are rolling from their front to their back.
1-2 years: Children will begin walking and toys will start to be pushed/pulled along whilst walking (often to support with walking) Objects will be picked up and banged together or built to make a small tower. A preference for one hand may start to appear as they begin to hold tools such as paintbrushes.They enjoy trying to feed themselves both with finger foods and with cutlery, and will drink from a cup using both hands. 2-3 years: Holding tools to mark make will become easier, a child is able to kick and throw (e.g a ball) and an understanding of toileting will be apparent. 3-4 years: Children will be able to use the toilet with no more use of nappies during the day time, dressing/undressing will be easier and use of muscles will be shown through climbing,catching,jumping,skipping etc. Children will begin to draw pictures of family, friends and everyday situations (Usually people being represented by circles or lines) 5-6 years: Children will be able to draw numbers letters and practice writing their name.
If a child has difficulty meeting a milestone, it can mean some delay in other areas too. These developments can vary in each child. Developments in social and emotional, physical, intellectual and language begin from birth and continue into adolescents and it’s within these areas that a sequence is formed. An example of this could be that a baby will learn to hold their head up before learning to sit unaided. Or a child will learn to walk before they can run.
1-3 Years By their first birthday, most babies have learnt the basics of movement and being mobile by either sitting, rolling, shuffling or crawling around. Some babies have even started standing with little or no support, and some are even walking. They use their hands for pointing, waving, feeding themselves and holding small objects. They will also enjoy playing with a ball and at this stage want to climb on everything or anything. By the time they have reached the age of three, a child’s fine motor skills will be used with a lot more control and they are able to hold a pencil and turn the pages of a book.
CYP 3.1 1.1 – Children’s development is continuous and can be measured in a number of different ways. Although all children develop at different rates, and in different ways, the sequence in which they develop will roughly be the same as they need to have developed one skill, e.g. walking, before they can move on and develop further skills, such as running and jumping. Development is often referred to as on a timeline and is broken down into ages. As development is more rapid in early years, the first few milestones start by being quite close together, before becoming further apart as a baby becomes a child then a young adult.