Chemers M (1997) showed that leadership has been described as the "process of social influence in which one person can enlist the aid and support of others in the accomplishment of common tasks". As a result it might have significant influences to the efforts and motivation of employees on their working performance. In addition, leadership can build; influence and changing the organizational culture and it might contribute to the establishment of the organizational culture. One of the primary responsibilities of strategic leader is to create working
In our democratic society whose essence is that everyone has a say in what happens to and around them, this style of leadership suits best to our society. This type of leadership theory can be utilized in business organizations, volunteer organizations, in the
Here we can see the role of the social nature of leadership in the effects of followers on leaders. In the next theories, followers’ reactions and behaviors are considered as a driver of leaders’ actions. It develops a theory on follower taxonomies to understand how followers are influencing leaders. Although, proactive followers will be more effective in their influence on leaders than passive or simply active ones, because they voluntary take part of the decisions and challenges the leaders have to handle.
The reason is because of the potential for groups to create better quality outcomes that workers working individually. As the use of group of work has increased in firms, considerable investigations has focused on the role of leadership and governance in fostering group performance. The general literature about leadership, governance and its the development has resulted broad and fragmented. The principal aim of this research was to present a concise view of the factor that involve governance and leadership using a systematic literature review approach. This research will try to explain the relevance of the leader’s role in the effective governance organisations and how depending the role-played can alter the organizational outcomes.
Leadership is derived from its root word lead. Lead is means to go before or with to show the way; to influence or induce; to guide in direction, course, action, opinion; and to command or direct. Leadership is an often debated topic. Everyone has their own opinion of the types of characteristics leaders or management should possess. Employees and staff often have their own ideals about their managers or supervisors leadership style.
More recent conceptualisations of leadership include contingency theory (), and transformational leadership (). Each of these theoretical models has a contribution to make in forming a comprehensive understanding of the relationship between leadership and organizational change and we shall explore how adopting a definition for leadership or organizational change infers the role of the other. However we define leadership, the concepts of organizational change and leadership can be argued to be inextricably linked. If a leader was not able to effect any change within an organization then it is hard to imagine a way in which such a leader could be effective in their role. Thus organizational change is at the very heart of a leader’s role.
Contingency Theories of Leadership To successfully run an organization, many aspects must work together to ensure that everything runs efficiently and effectively. A major part to the effectiveness of the organization internally is leadership among the organizations staff members. But what is leadership and why is it important? We define leadership as the ability to influence group towards the achievement of a vision or set of goals (Robbins et al 2011). Without being able to communicate, direct and inspire people like leaders do, organizations would struggle to be successful as they would not be able to do effectively communicate visions and help overcome hurdles to the best of their ability.
Touching the lives and affecting the outcome of many different expectations, a teacher is the epitome of a leader. A leader has his or her own style of motivating the people in the organizations. A leader must find the best skills in order to provide directions, motivations and purposes. Effective leaders are flexible. In 1939, a group of researchers led by psychologist Kurt Lewin set out to identify different styles of leadership.
Leadership is made of many components: (a) it is a process; (b) involves influence, (c) within a group context, and (d) involves goal attainment. Northouse defines leadership as “a process whereby an individual influences a group of individuals to achieve a common goal.” (Northouse, 2004, p.3) Leadership is a two way process that involves both leaders and followers. Transformational leadership involves influencing followers to reach for higher goals while ignoring their own self-interests. It allows individuals to thrive at the edge of chaos by motivating them to create ways to develop new products and ways to do business. Leaders serve as role models and communicate a clear vision to their followers.
So it's critical to distinguish between the skill of performance and the skill of leading the performance, two entirely different skills. It's also important to determine whether a person is capable of learning leadership. The natural leader will stand out. The trick is identifying those who are capable of learning leadership over time. What success looks like and how to achieve it.